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Case Study 1: Citizen Identification Proof

In this video, you will be introduced to the first case study.
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So our first case study relates to Indonesia. They have 172 million citizens located across 17,000 islands – so very geographically dispersed. Historically, the identity card in use in Indonesia by the government was an unlaminated paper document. This ultimately moved to a laminated paper card. So this was a piece of paper that was covered in clear plastic. And this was the method of citizen identification proof. From 1977, these cards contained a photograph and also a thumbprint.
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These documents, as you may guess, were easily forged. And during fraud and terrorist incidents, many falsified documents were found as part of the criminal activity. So this was a recognised problem. Also, other documents, such as passports, bank accounts, used the ID card as part of the document issuance process. For this reason, because they were being used as a foundation identity document, the other items, consequently, could only ever be partly trusted.

In this video, you will be introduced to the first case study. In the next step, you will get a chance to answer some activity questions related to the case study.

Once you have watched the video, recap the introduction to the case study below:

  • Indonesia has 172 million citizens located across 70,000 islands.
  • Historically, ID cards were unlimited paper documents which eventually became a lamented card. From 1977, these contained a photograph and a thumbprint.
  • This was used for citizen identification proof and was easily forged.
  • Other documents, such as passports, used the ID card as part of the document issuance process and were not often trusted.

Now that you have an idea of what the case study is about, move on to the next step to answer some questions.

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