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Romanticism & Realism

Explore the central ideas, historical backgrounds, distinctive features of artworks by four painters, and the creative philosophies of Romanticism.

Exploring Romanticism, we encounter Francisco de Goya’s intense “The Third of May” depicting the Spanish rebellion, while Turner captures nature’s force, and Constable celebrates rural landscapes. As Romanticism wanes by 1830, social changes give rise to Realism, focusing on everyday life. Gustave Courbet’s works like “The Stone Breakers” and “A Burial of Ornans” defy convention, portraying laborers and ordinary burials, challenging traditional art subjects. Realism emerges, emphasizing the lives of lower classes and the authenticity of everyday scenes, marking a shift from idealization to stark reality.

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Introduction to Modern Art

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