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漉きによる加工:羅紋紙・飛雲紙

漉きによる加工:羅紋紙・飛雲紙
2.4
Moving on, I will now explain another method that involves lightly laying dyed paper onto a finished layer of white paper, as in the kumogami at which we looked earlier. First, starting with the item in the middle here, it is an extremely rare example. You should be able to see this pattern over the fibers that looks like many tiny waves; it is called ramonshi. The ra in the word ramon means “silk gauze,” and it is so named because the finish resembles the weaving pattern of thin silk. This style can only be seen in decorated papers from the late Heian period (11th-12th c.) and is exceedingly rare.
50.4
This piece here is merely a small fragment taken from a large book but even so it is incredibly valuable. Besides ramonshi, another type of decorated paper that can only be seen in 11th and 12th century examples is the paper known as tobikumogami (“floating cloud paper”). Here is an example. This, too, was made by laying small scraps of dyed paper over white paper as to resemble clouds floating in the sky. In early examples, the clouds were quite large, but as time passed the clouds become smaller and smaller. This example has rather small clouds and, like the ramonshi paper example, it is just a fragment of a larger book.
99.7
Also like the previous example, it is exceedingly rare and very valuable despite its small size. Finally, there are some examples of the two techniques combined, that is, the cloud shapes have a ramonshi texture. Like the other examples we have seen so far, these can only be seen in Heian-period items and are extremely rare.

このステップでは、一度白く漉いた紙の上から色の付いた紙を薄く漉き重ねる技法で作られる、羅紋紙(らもんし)と飛雲紙(とびくもがみ)ついてご説明いたします。

羅紋紙(らもんし)は、漉き上げた紙の上に、藍か紫に色染めした紙料を羅(うすぎぬ)の布目状に薄く重ね漉いたもので、平安時代での使用例のみが確認されています。その正確な製法は現代でも不明であるようです。

飛雲紙(とびくもがみ)は、漉き上げた紙の上に、藍と紫に色染めした紙料を重ねて、飛雲の如く点々を散らしたもので、こちらも平安時代の使用例のみ確認されています。江戸時代に復元的に漉かれたものがありますが、雲の形が古いものとは異なっていて、あまり似ていません。平安時代の飛雲紙は、古いものほど飛雲が大きいと言われています。

羅紋紙も飛雲紙も大変珍しいものですが、更に珍しいものとして、飛雲が羅紋になっているものや、羅紋の中に鳶雲が確認できるようなものもあります。

それでは実物をビデオでご覧ください。

下のSEE ALSOから、他の例を見ることができます。

ビデオで紹介されている書物

  • 小手鑑
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古書から読み解く日本の文化: 和本を彩る和紙の世界

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