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© Keio University



Old Book Fig.1 『論語古義』
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Old Book Fig.2 『論語徴』
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そして、江戸時代後期には、朱子学や古学をも吸収して、文献の意味を客観的に考証する、考証学が勃興します。その祖とも言える松崎慊堂(まつざきこうどう 1771~1844)が読んだ『論語』(fig.3)もあります。満紙メモを加えて考証する姿勢が伺えます。

Old Book Fig.3 『論語』江戸刊・松崎慊堂書入
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『論語集説』(fig.4)はかつての漢文教科書『漢文体系』に収録された、安井息軒(やすいそっけん 1799~1876)の自筆原稿です。息軒は、徂徠学の父に学び、江戸で古賀侗庵(こがとうあん 1788~1847)に朱子学を学び、松崎慊堂に考証学を学びました。そして明治以降の漢学の大御所となりました。『論語』の注釈にもその流れがはっきりと伺えます。

Old Book Fig.4 『論語集説』
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© Keio University
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古書から読み解く日本の文化: 漢籍の受容

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