Skip main navigation

Countries – Cities


Les noms de pays: names of countries

Countries are nouns. In French, very few nouns can stand alone, most of them need to be introduced by an article. As in English, articles are characterized by definite (the) or indefinite (a, an). See table below.

Countries - Cities Image 1

Articles before names of countries are always definite articles.

Which article then? Masculine (LE), feminine (LA) or plural (LES)? It is straightforward. See the table below.


This article is from the free online

Foundations of French for Global Communication

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education