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Ordering parts of speech

The order used to construct sentences
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The most common basic sentence order is SOV; in other words, first comes the subject, then the object and finally the verb. Information regarding tense and place generally comes at the beginning of the sentence. In some cases the SOV order changes to SVO, and that happens when the sentence contains a movement verb, like GO, TAKE or MOVE. In these cases we say the verb first and then the place. The adjective always comes after the noun, although often it is expressed together with the noun. The topic always comes at the beginning of the sentence and is marked with raised eyebrows. This facial component is what enables receivers to recognize what the conversation’s context is.
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In sign languages, information is often expressed simultaneously through the articulation of both hands and the use of classifiers and the sign space. For example, if we say that “a car is driving along and meets another car” we can say this simultaneously with both hands.

In this video, Santi discusses two common orders for parts of speech within a sentence in LSC:

  • SOV (subject – object – verb): This is the most common order.

  • SVO (subject – verb – object): This order is used in some contexts.

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Introduction to Catalan Sign Language: Speaking with Your Hands and Hearing with Your Eyes

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