The right route
- Ensure medicines administration is safe
- Identify and report any refusal to take medicines
- Record any changes to the resident’s status which may be related to medicines
- Identify and report any residents with swallowing difficulties
- Ensure awareness of their own responsibilities with respect to medicines review
- Undertake regular training and attend update courses
- Systemic administration means that medicine enters into the circulation and the entire body is affected by the action of the medicine.
- Topical administration means that medicine is applied to body surfaces, such as the skin, lungs or eye. There may be some systemic absorption of the medicine.
Want to keep
UEA (University of East Anglia) online course,
Medicine Administration for Carers
This is an additional video, hosted on YouTube.
- Administration of injectable medicines is by piercing the skin for example with administration of insulin. Additional training is required before you can administer injections.
- Administering via an enteral feeding tube such as PEG, NG tube or JEG. You will need additional training before you administer medicines via an enteral feeding tube.
- Vaginal administration of medicines is via pessaries or vaginal creams. You will need additional training before you administer medicines via the vaginal route.
- Rectal administration of medicines uses enemas and suppositories. You will need additional training before you administer medicines via the rectal route.
Oral HygieneAs most of the medicines that residents will need to take is via the oral route, it is important to ensure that their oral hygiene is maintained. In particular residents with swallowing problems may have poor oral hygiene. This increases the likelihood of chest infection if they aspirate i.e. food, drink, or medicines go into the lungs inadvertently.When cleaning a resident’s mouth, you should should ensure you:
- Wash your hands and use clinical gloves
- Use a small infant-size soft toothbrush first (then move on to medium size toothbrush)
- Use a smear of mild mint fluoride toothpaste
- Guide the resident with gentle hand on hand movements to enable them to do the movement themselves
- Touch and clean the outside of the mouth first
- Clean the outer edges of teeth and gums
- Clean the inside of the mouth, gums, teeth and the palate
- Never put your fingers between the residents teeth
- You should ensure that you clean residents teeth at least twice daily or after every meal if the resident has poor oral health.
- Residents should be provided with adequate hydration for oro-dispersible, sublingual and buccal formulations that dissolve in the mouth.
- Many liquid formulations contain sugar therefore residents should be offered a drink of water after administration
- Residents who use asthma inhalers should be encouraged to rinse and spit following administration
Medicine Administration for Carers
Our purpose is to transform access to education.
We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.
We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.