Skip main navigation

Midpoint Reflection: Week 4

Midpoint Reflection: Week 4
Knowing the prognosis, or predicted course, of cancer helps guide decisions about treatment. Pathologists are doctors who are specialized in examining body tissues. They examine tissue biopsies, or samples removed by a doctor and sent in for pathology studies. Pathologists classify cancer. Dr. Cohen will define how cancers are classified by grade, stage, TNM classification, and molecular staging. The classification of cancer helps oncologists, or doctors who treat cancer, make decisions about treatment options. There are many ways to treat cancer. Dr. Cohen will
first review traditional cancer treatments: surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. Next, he will introduce newer treatment strategies. Advances in knowledge about the genetics of cancer have enabled rational drug design of targeted therapy. Perhaps the most exciting is cancer immunotherapy which was named “breakthrough of the year” by Science magazine in 2013. The rationale behind cancer immunotherapy is to use the body’s own immune system to fight cancer! However, what’s better than treatment is prevention of cancer. There are many known risk factors for cancer. This means that there are things you can do to decrease your risk for cancer. Cancer shares many of the same risk factors as for cardiovascular disease or neurologic disorders.
Can you think of changes you can make to live a healthier lifestyle? Dr. Cohen will review these with you.
This article is from the free online

Mini Medical School: Hot Topics in Medical Science

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education