Tokuhama-Espinosa: What everyone needs to know about their own brains and plasticity: 10 Big Ideas
- The brain adapts to what it does most.
- “Use it or lose it”.
- The brain is more malleable (flexible) than once believed.
- Plasticity can occur through gaming and common experiences.
- Physiological changes occur before behavioral changes.
- Toxic stress and poor nutrition can cause permanent damage to brain architecture in the early years.
- Neuroplasticity can come from both physical stimuli as well as psychology therapy and change.
- The brain has sensitive periods, not critical.
- Good learning depends on good sleep hygiene.
Cozolino: 9 Things Educators Need to Know About the Brain
- The brain has a short attention span and needs repetition and multiple-channel processing for deeper learning to occur.
- The brain is a social organ.
- We have two brains.
- Early learning is powerful.
- Conscious awareness and unconscious processing occur at different speeds, often simultaneously.
- The mind, brain, and body are interwoven.
- Fear and stress impair learning.
- We analyse others but not ourselves: the primacy of projection.
- Learning is enhanced by emphasizing the big picture—and then allowing students to discover the details for themselves.
Cozolino, L. (2013, March 19). Nine Things Educators Need to Know About the Brain. Greater Good Magazine: Science Based Insights for a Meaningful Life. Retrieved from https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/nine_things_educators_need_to_know_about_the_brain
Tokuhama- Espinosa, T. (2015) . Research on the Brain and Learning by Tracey Tokuhama-2015. Connections. https://www.slideshare.net/Lascienciasdelaprendizaje/research-on-the-brain-and-learning-by-tracey-tokuhama2015?qid=9710748e-fd3a-45e9-a8a6-8d2e21cf8ab2&v=&b=&from_search=1
Neuroplasticians and Neuromyths
Our purpose is to transform access to education.
We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.
We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.