Skip main navigation

Pronunciation – Reductions

Pronunciation - Prosody
In Course 1 you read about «silent letters», i.e. consonants that are written, but do not represent a sound.
In some cases, also the humble vowel «e» is written, but not pronounced.
In this step, we are going to see how and when the vowel «e» is written but not pronounced.
If the «e» occurs in an unstressed syllable between /t, d, n, l, s/ and /n/, the /e/ is not pronounced.
The final /n/ constitutes the second syllable and must be pronounced clearly.
When you pronounce the words listed below you go straight from /t, d, n, l, s/ in the end of one syllable to the /n/ of the next.
Click on this audio to hear the pronunciation:
Careful pronunciationCommon pronunciation
boden/1bu:den/the storage room/1bu:dn̩/
vinen/1vi:nen/the wine/1vi:nn̩/
bilen/1bi:len/the car/1bi:ln̩/
bussen/1bʉsen/the bus/1bʉsn̩/
This rule is for instance applied:
Click on this audio to listen
en hatthattenthe hat
en bodbodenthe storage room
en vinvinenthe wine
en bilbilenthe car
en bussbussenthe bus
  • All nouns in masculine, feminine and neuter form in plural definite form:
Click on this audio to listen
This is our last Pronunciation step on this course.
We wanted to show you how to add a little bit more flow to your spoken Norwegian.
Because language is not just about grammar, on the contrary!
It’s very much about rhythm and understanding how natives talk.
So try this out on your own, in front of the mirror or when driving your car, whit a chat pal or a study buddy, you name it…
Have fun with Norwegian!
This article is from the free online

Norwegian for Beginners 2

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education