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Clients At Risk 10 – 13

Clients at risk 9 - 13
tomatoes and mushrooms
© CQUniversity 2021

10. Cancer and Nutrition

Eating well is important for those who’ve been diagnosed with cancer. Good nutrition can:

  • Help patients cope better with treatment side effects and to recover sooner
  • Help wounds and damaged tissues heal better. This is important before and after surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy or other medical treatment
  • Improve the body’s immune system – its natural defence – so you’re better able to fight infection
  • Help you maintain muscle strength, stay a healthy weight, have enough energy for everyday tasks and to feel better.

Common sites and symptoms of cancer metastasis

11. Frail Elderly Clients

As the human body grows older there is a decline in physiological function which can lead to:

Blood pressure changes leading to increased risk of:

  • Hypertension
  • Angina, heart attack
  • Arrhythmias
  • Stroke / Transient Ischaemic Attacks.

Diminished breathing capacity leading to:

  • Decreased oxygen reserve
  • Increased infection risk.
  • Central nervous system decline leading to:
  • Memory impairment
  • Slower responses and reflexes
  • Decreased learning skills.

Susceptibility to dehydration leading to:

  • Kidneys become less effective filters
  • Incontinence
  • Urinary tract infections: Excessive urination Painful urination (dysuria)
  • Life-threatening sepsis.

Skeletal system changes leading to:

  • Decreased calcium
  • Increased incidence of fractures.

12. Mental Illness

  • Variety can increase interest in food if appetite is poor
  • Folate has been shown to improve effect of anti-depressive medication
  • Limit saturated fats to assist with weight control
  • Limit alcohol it can make depression worse
  • Fibre intake can assist with constipation, a possible side effect of anti-depressive medications
  • Dairy provides calcium and can assist with sleep
  • Water assists with dry mouth and constipation.

13. High Intensity / High Volume Sport

  • The balance between amount, type and the intensity of activity with rest and appropriate nutrition
  • Specific amounts need to be calculated using body mass and exercise load
  • Sports supplementation is sometimes required but every effort needs to be made to achieve appropriate nutritional benefits from real foods first before supplementation is considered.
© CQUniversity 2021
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Personal Trainer's Toolkit: Providing Nutritional Advice to Your Clients

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