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Chronic Kidney Disease : Overview and risk factors

Chronic Kidney Disease : Overview and risk factors
Hello everyone, this is Shawn Chen I am professor and college of pharmacy Taipei Medical University. Today I will talk about chronic kideney disease and its complications And we are following the outline Just to start with the introduction. CKD etiology and evaluation of renal disease progression by review of some of the markers and also complicatiosn for ESRD and its treatments. And we actually will spend more time in complications treatment And because this is a major usual about management of ESRD Let’s review about the disease. Chronic kidney disease actually came from lots of different diseases and finally half to 70% of patients were actually progressed to End Stage Renal Disease.
End stage renal disease is a disease that it is unlikely to recover and will continue progress to dialysis or renal transplant. and three A’s of characteristics for end-stage renal disease include azotemia, anemia and acidosis. We need to remember in our mind And let’s look at the CKD risk factors. There are two parts for CKD risk factors When is about the patient’s personal demographics and the other is about the disease may contribute to a CKD progression.
And for Demographics, there are aging, low birth weight and family history and some patients may have low income or education level and the public couldn’t understand how to take care the fundamental diseases and less contribute to deter risk of CKD And also smoking and obesity are very important risk factors to contribute to CKD. And there are some major disease that will actually contribute to CKD. including diabetes hypertension and dyslipidemia And they are the common disease that people need to chronic management these diseases. Some bad management skill or poorly management of those fundamental medications and glucose level BP or lipid level that will actually let the patient progress to CKD very quickly.
And also especially a self and kidney is very important And there are also a lots of a medication that may contribute to a nephrontoxicity including gentamicin amphotericin B or vancomycin and there are lots of medication require careful management of those dosing and also those unknown resources for proteinuria. And let’s look at a function of kidney. There are two major parts to build the network a system of kidney including one is from circulation and retinal circulation is a very special and very different and this situation we have a special name for it including afferent and efferent arteriole system and there are lots of a major those endocrine system for renal circulation.
And the other networking system about filtration for our toxic of waste generated from the body So glomerular tubule system includes proximal tubules loop of henle and the distal tubule and finally collecting duct will actually produce urine.

Welcome to this week. The topic is chronic kidney disease (CKD) and its complications.

In this step, Prof. Chen illustrates the outline for this lesson first, including introduction, CKD Etiology, evaluation of renal disease progression, and complications of ESRD.

For CKD, we need to know there are three characteristics for ESRD: azotemia, anemia, and acidosis.

Following that, we can learn the risk factors for CKD. There are some common diseases that people need to manage. Poor management of those fundamental medications, blood glucose level, or lipid level will let the patients progress to CKD very quickly.

Finally, we are able to review and consolidate the knowledge about the network systems of kidney.

If you have any questions or thoughts about this part, please leave them below.

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Pharmacokinetics: Drug Dosing in Renal Disease

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