Using cautious language
International students may have difficulties adapting to a different cultureThis increase might be due to other factors.
These findings suggest that …It is claimed that …Young men tend to drive faster than young women.
International students sometimes have difficulties adapting to a new culture.The symptoms usually disappear after about a week.
There is a tendency for …The possibility of contamination was discussed.
More tips for writing in an academic style
On this course you may have noticed contracted forms are used (eg don’t, can’t, there’s) but in academic writing you must use full forms (eg do not, cannot, there is).
Don’t use idiomatic language (eg a bit difficult, lots of problems, mum and dad). Use more formal expressions instead (eg slightly difficult, many problems, parents)
Be as precise as possible, and if you’re not sure of the facts – check them. Instead of The earthquake happened a few years ago, write The earthquake happened in 2007.
For a similar reason, try to avoid using etc. or and so on. If you can, give a full list.
Post your examples to the comments below. Once you’ve posted your suggestions in the comment area, have a look at this PDF with our answer.The modelling presented here relied on a survey of food purchase data for input data on the current UK diet. Although our comparison with NDNS food and nutrient intake data (Table 3) suggests that the baseline diet estimates are reasonably valid, it does suggest that current UK fruit and vegetable consumption may have been overestimated. This is likely to be the case, as household wastage of fruit and vegetables is higher than that for other food categories. 36 This may have resulted in some overestimation of the health impact of achieving the dietary scenarios.B. Scarborough, P., Allender, S., Clarke, D., Wickramasinghe, K., & Rayner, M. (2012). Modelling the health impact of environmentally sustainable dietary scenarios in the UK. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66(6), 710–715.
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