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肺部復健五大要素:教育

評估後,開始衛教病人如何避免環境上的感染,尤其強調......

延續上節提到的五大要素,評估完成後,會進行教育。

在教育上面,對於氣喘患者要提出自我照護方法,尤其強調「病人行為模式的改變」。而如何教育氣喘患者,衛生署發行的是用手冊方式來進行教育,裡面內容會提到如何避免環境上的感染,如何控制氣喘發作,以及親屬如何協助。對於孩童,則使用多媒體的方式,學習氣喘和過敏等概念。使氣喘病人對疾病本身有更多的認識,以降低急性發作的次數,避免惡化。

學習討論: 最新研究顯示,誘發氣喘發作的最大媒介因子為塵螨(pM2.5),其次分別為感冒、咳嗽、吸菸。您還認識其他過敏原嗎?

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肺部復健系列: Part2

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