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支氣管擴張現象

支氣管擴張症常伴隨咳嗽、痰液分泌和出現呼吸聲的症狀......

何老師會介紹支氣管擴張症的症狀。支氣管不正常擴張,經常是因為反覆性感染或發炎等,肺部產生變異常,病患伴隨咳嗽、痰液分泌和出現呼吸聲的症狀。這類症狀經常會跟感冒混淆,需經過診療才能判定。何老師會講到臨床肺部電腦擾描圖說明。

某些先天性疾病病人會特別容易罹患支氣管擴張症,症狀跟感冒類似,應特別注意。 接下來會提到如何診斷支氣管擴張症?在醫院,通常會先進行抽血檢查、高解析度的電腦斷層評估,再進行第二階段的篩選。鼻竇炎為常見支氣管擴張症誘因,醫生多以此進行評估。此外也要注意病患在急性發作,除了醫療還要教導病患在急性發作時候的處置等,讓病患能自行留意症狀發作。最後何老師會提到藥物治療和非藥物治療。

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肺部復健系列: Part2

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