Skip main navigation

Example 4: Manifesto

In this article, Matthew Kearnes introduces *An Ecomodernist Manifesto* to explore a contemporary example of Anthropocentrism.
© UNSW Australia 2016
In this step, Matthew introduces An Ecomodernist Manifesto — a statement penned by an influential group of environmental thinkers — as an example of a storytelling mechanism used to promote a particular narrative about humans and nature.
The most powerful versions of the nature-culture dualism are the ones that are taken for granted and are simply implicit in environmental practices and politics.
Occasionally, however, we are given a more explicit illustration of the nature-culture dualism.
Take for example the recently released An Ecomodernist Manifesto.
The manifesto is an intriguing read. It was written by a group of leading environmental thinkers including the author of the Whole Earth Discipline Stuart Brand, renowned environmental commentator Mark Lynas and the co-founders of the Breakthrough Institute, Ted Nordhaus and Michael Shellenberger.
Of course as it is a manifesto, its raison d’être is to be provocative. With its support for nuclear power, intensive agriculture and genetically modified crops — together with the suggestion that “positive decoupling trends offer hope for a ‘good Anthropocene’” — the manifesto certainly delivers. It questions many of the core issues that have galvanised contemporary environmental campaigns and concerns.
It is worth thinking about how the manifesto works conceptually. Its central claim is that humans need to de-couple from nature. The authors open with a striking claim:
We affirm one long-standing environmental ideal, that humanity must shrink its impacts on the environment to make more room for nature, while we reject another, that human societies must harmonise with nature to avoid economic and ecological collapse. (p. 6)
In place of a notion of harmony or environmental balance — the kinds of ideas that have influenced environmental thinking for nearly forty years — the authors recommend that
intensifying many human activities — particularly farming, energy extraction, forestry, and settlement — so that they use less land and interfere less with the natural world is the key to decoupling human development from environmental impacts. (p. 7)
Further into the manifesto the meaning of this notion of decoupling becomes clearer:
Decoupling raises the possibility that societies might achieve peak human impact without intruding much further on relatively untouched areas. Nature unused is nature spared. (p. 19)
This claim is perhaps one of the clearest expressions of the modernist concept of nature: that the intensification of human activities will enable humans to extricate themselves from relations with nature.


  • What is the Manifesto’s central argument? Are you persuaded by it?
  • What narrative(s) does the Manifesto promote?
  • Is what ways is such a manifesto similar to, or different from, the other forms of storytelling we have seen?

Want to read more?

In a recent issue of Environmental Humanities, five scholars were invited to give their short responses to An Ecomodernist Manifesto:
If you have time, we recommend you read An Ecomodernist Manifesto before reading these optional readings.
© UNSW Australia 2016
This article is from the free online

Environmental Humanities: Remaking Nature

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education