Skip main navigation

Relationship Between Environmental Monitoring, Policy, and Biomonitoring Results

The impact of policy and regulations on environmental exposure. Watch the video for more information.

The presented figures and information highlight the relationship between environmental and biological monitoring and how policy or regulations can influence biomonitoring results. The figures demonstrate the significant impact of lead poisoning prevention policies on reducing lead exposure levels in the U.S. population, especially in children.

The cotinine level biomarker can differentiate smokers from non-smokers, and biomonitoring programs like NHANES provide important data to set priorities for public health and regulatory follow-up. Biomonitoring studies can also recognize time trends in exposure, distinguish exposure differences among groups, and establish reference ranges for comparison. The advantages of biomonitoring include integrated dose measurements, prevention evaluation, and the ability to establish exposure differences among groups.

Review questions:

  • What is biomonitoring, and how does it relate to environmental monitoring?
  • How can biomonitoring help establish exposure differences among different racial, geographic, or socioeconomic groups?
  • What are the advantages of biomonitoring, and how can they be used in public health and regulatory follow-up?
This article is from the free online

Sustainable Development in Health and Ecology

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now