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Risk Indicators for Periodontitis


Smokers are 2.7 times more likely to have periodontal disease than non-smokers. Smokers have 18 times more periodontal pathogens compared with non-smokers. People who have been not exposed to preventive care for 15 years found that 8% of the population had rapid progression to periodontal disease, and 81% had moderate progression. Three more times bone loss and attachment loss have been found in patients with diabetes. After treatment of periodontal disease, there is a 10% drop in sugar levels. 50% of enhanced risk for periodontitis can be accounted for by genetics alone.

Risk Indicators for Periodontitis:

  • Age
  • Sex
  • Socioeconomics status
  • Race
  • Obesity
  • Alcohol
  • Stress
  • Contraceptives

The subgingival bacteria initiate and perpetuate the immune–inflammatory responses in the periodontal tissues. Variations are genetically determined. Environmental risk factors influence them as well.

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The Foundation of Modern Dentistry

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