Skip main navigation

What factors caused antibiotic resistance?

Several factors have contributed, including:

  • The excessive use and misuse of antibiotics in humans and animals
  • Improper prescribing
  • Patients not finishing complete courses of a prescribed antimicrobial
  • Poor infection control measures
  • Lack of access to clean, running water
  • Poor sanitation and hygiene
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education

Related stories on FutureLearn