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The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes

Please Read this Essay and try to answer the question at the bottom of this page. Kidney disease and maternal and fetal outcomes in pregnancy Abstract Background Pregnancy in kidney …

EPO therapy & Summary of this week

In this step, Prof. Chen explains the EPO therapy and gives the summary of this week. First, the side effects for taking EPO therapy include influenza-like symptoms. Secondly, we need …

Iron status & Oral Iron therapy

In this step, Prof. Chen clarifies how to check the iron status of patients and how to execute good oral iron therapy. To begin with, if the patient don’t have …

Complications of ESRD : renal osteodystrophy and anemia

In this step, Prof. Chen introduces phosphate binder magnesium containing products and other complications for patients in chronic kidney failure. Phosphate binder magnesium containing products have the highest binding potency. …

Fluid and Electrolytes imbalance : Hyperkalemia

In this step, Prof. Chen explains the causes, the signs and symptoms, and the treatment of hyperkalemia. To begin with, the causes of hyperkalemia may include excessive load, metabolic acidosis, …

Complications of ESRD : Metabolic acidosis

In this step, Prof. Chen illustrates the complications of ESRD, especially on metabolic acidosis. With decreasing reabsorption of bicarbonate and less ammonia production, patients may have metabolic acidosis, which progresses …

Proteinuria & etiologies of CRF

In this step, Prof. Chen clarifies the proteinuria and etiologies of CRF. To begin with, proteinuria is an unspecific marker that may indicate some diseases, including infectious, neoplastic, and systemic …

Clinical presentation & stages of CKD

In this step, Prof. Chen gives a lecture on major functions, clinical presentation and definition of CKD. To begin with, the kidneys have three major functions: elimination, endocrine, and metabolic. …

Indications for Dialysis in ARF & Summary

In this step, Prof. Chen clarifies the indications for dialysis in ARF, and gives the summary of this week. To begin with, there are five main indications, including acid/base, electrolytes, …

Specific therapy & Complications of ARF

In this step, Prof. Chen demonstrates the specific therapy for intrinsic ARF and post-renal azotemia, then explains complications of ARF. To begin with, for intrinsic ARF, we can use gluco-corticosteroids …

Risk Factors for Cisplatin & Goal of therapy

In this step, Prof. Chen talks about Cisplatin, the goal, and benefits of therapies, and how to use diuretics. First, Cisplatin is used in chemotherapy with high excellence for nephrotoxicity. …