Jakob Zinsstag

Jakob Zinsstag

Professor of Epidemiology at the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute and the University of Basel, Switzerland.

Location Basel, Switzerland


  • Thank you Nina, yes indeed the StAR programm reports increasingly on One Health aspects of antimicrobial resistance surveillance.

  • dear Learners, welcome to week 6 of the One Health online course directly from the 7th World One Health Congress opening ceremony in Singapore. We just heard Halima Yacob, the president of Singapore, Tedros Gebreyesus, the director general of WHO und currently Monique Eloit, the director of the World Organization of One Health is speaking. I wish you a good...

  • Thank you Nina and Lauren, yes transmitters would be an option. Today there are many new technologies emerging, first of all mobile comunication, microchips and drones. We have to continuously review latest technologies.

  • Jakob Zinsstag made a comment

    Dear Learners,
    I have not seen many comments from you this week. I hope this was not too difficult? One Health makes no concessions on disciplinary excellence, every discipline must contribute its best science. In addition we need to show an incremental benefit of working closer together. We have more and more examples that support it.

  • Thank you Bonnies, this is indeed a sad reality. But there are signs of improvement. Many countries develop One Health platforms, also low income countries.

  • Yes, Nina, we can estimate the human disease incidence from exposure to animals. In this way we can also find out the best ways to intervene.

  • Yes, Milena, the modelling of the animal-human disease transmission provides a lot of insights on the zoonotic potential and the best ways to intervene.

  • Yes, Nina, the growth rate stabilizes. Mathematically the growth rate can be interpreted as the dominant Eigenvalue of the projection matrix.

  • dear Learners, welcome to the second week of the course. Our experiences with the mobile pastoralists in Chad were inspiring for the understanding of the interconnection of humans and animals but also for new solutions we did not imagine earlier.

  • Jakob Zinsstag made a comment

    Dear Learners, thank you for this first week of participation. We hope you enjoyed the learning and the content. We move now more into the One Health methods part. One Health has a quantitative side, because we have to prove that cooperation leads to measurable benefits. But don't worry, if you are not sufficiently familiar with the mathematics, you can jump...

  • Dear Learners, Thank you for your answers. Indeed the proposed example shows very little interactions between government authorities. However for future closer cooperation, it will be important that institutional arrangements are made how different ministries work closer together. This is currently done in many countries.

  • Dear Learners,
    Thank you for your comments. Animal ethics is a very important component of One Health and not easy to address. There are many dilemmas that have to be addressed in a contextual way. This means the human-animal relationship has to be seen in a specific situation. For example pastoralists in dry areas could not survive without keeping animals....

  • Dear Susan, thank you for your comment. Yes, indeed, the preferences of humans for certain animals are not always easy to explain. Do they have an irrational component?

  • Dear Learners, thank you for your contributions on interview, I held with Daniela and Ibrahim. Your contributions enrich what has been said in our interview. Many thanks.

  • Jakob Zinsstag made a comment

    Dear Learners, many thanks for your contributions. They show that your preferences are diverse. They are most likely shaped by your social, cultural and religious background. Here it is important that we recognize the highly diverse human-animal relationship. All the best and thank you for sharing

  • Thank you dear Amit, this is very interesting. The wildlife - animal interface is in the centre of interest with regard to emerging zoonoses. Do you address the level of biodiversity of the wildlife?

  • Dear Learners,
    In the name of all educators, welcome to the 8th run of the One Health online course. Up to now, cumulatively, more than 10'000 learners have registered to our course. This is a huge leverage of mutual learning on One Health worldwide. Altogether, the contributions of you learners outweighs what we are teaching you in terms of information and...

  • Dear Learners, thank you again for your participation. We hope the new knowledge will help you in your future work. With best regards, Jakob

  • Dear Wondimu, for a certificate of achievement from Futurelearn, you should upgrade. We cannot give certificates from our side. All the best

  • Dear Learners, Thank you to all of you for actively participating in the course and for all your contributions which enriched the mutual learning. With all best wishes for the future. Yours

  • Dear all, I can open it on my computer. I will flag the problem.

  • @RosC Dear RosC, you are right, we put emphasis on the interventions at the root of the reservoir but awareness and education are also very important, thought not directly lead to the elimination of the disease

  • Thank you Dumakude

  • Thank you again for all your contributions, they show the reality on the ground.

  • Dear Ele, we don't know, but I believe there is a lack of understanding of overall societal benefits of an intervention in the reservoir of the transmission.

  • Dear Learners,
    Thank your for your interesting additional examples, which greatly complement our knowldege.

  • Dear Learners, thank you for these examples that show that AMR is attracting integrated thinking and concerted approaches more and more.

  • Dear Dumakude, please see my comment below from 3 November. I appears that cross-protection between SARS-CoV-2 and Bovine Corona viruses is weaker than anticipated. Hence, your suggestions would probably not help much.

  • Dear Dumakude, rabies is surely a compelling argument. Others are antimicrobial resistance and vector borne diseases.

  • Dear Ellen, animals haveing tuberculosis are never treated with antibiotics. They are only removed from the herd and culled. Is this what you wanted to know?

  • This is a very important point Benedikta and part of what we call conflict sensitive research practice. Here is a link from the Swiss Academies of Natural Sciences: https://scnat.ch/en/uuid/i/aba6e298-4e7a-5c89-a2f2-46cd04264ff1-Guidelines_to_Conflict_Sensitive_Research

  • Dear Learners, thank you for all your interesting ideas on the above questions. It shows you how innovation can come out of necessity and scarcity. All the best.

  • @BenediktaSpannringSalzgeber This is why we need the participatory transdisciplinary processes, that we pursue also in Ethiopia

  • Yes Sera, it is the depicted framework.

  • Fletcher, J., Franza, D. and LeClerc, J.E. (2009) Healthy plants: necessary for a balanced ‘One Health’ concept.
    Veterinaria Italiana 45(1), 79–95.

  • Dear Sera,
    Here are some references from chapter 22 of the first edition of our text book:
    Anon. (2010) Integrated Pest Management and Crop Health – bringing together sustainable agroecosystems
    and people’s health. White Paper. SP-IPM Secretariat, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria, 17 pp.

    Bentley, J.W., Boa, E.,...

  • Your are welcome, Ele

  • Dear Learners, it was early 2020 when we wrote this step and today we know that even close phylogenetic neighbourhood of different strains may not lead necessarily to strong immunological cross-reactivity. Nevertheless, Covid-19 is a great example that it makes sense to look at it from a One Health perspective.

  • Dear Christoph, thank you. I was not aware that the veterinarians can not sign off their own serology tests. This is an issue.

  • Thank you Ele, again a very good example, I was not aware of.

  • Dear Benedikta and Ele, the vaccinations were very well accepted in Chad for livestock and children. The joint campaign resulted from a consensus in a participatory stakeholder meeting with authorities and communities. In turn, in Mali, Tuareg communities stated that the knew that vaccines were effective but the hesitated because they did not have the...

  • Dear Ele, your are right. There is a lot of practical knowledge among clinicians that is not documented by academic medicine in human and veterinary medicine.