James Cannings

James Cannings

James is the Chief Sustainability Officer of MSQ, a global digital marketing group, and the Co-Chair of the BIMA Sustainability Council.

Location United Kingdom

Activity

  • Hi @LiaVeres - I think there are some definitions on page 2 of that PDF. If not check this link:
    https://www.carbonfootprint.com/docs/2020_09_emissions_factors_sources_for_2020_electricity_v14.pdf
    (see page 2)

    The definition is a little complex and I won't repeat it here. But "Production mix" is the correct one for working out you "location based"...

  • Fair comment! Actually the old UK data used to show EVs as zero emissions. Now there is some new data available which I'll add into the model soon. It's around 0.06 kg per km driven (about 80% lower than an average deisel vehicle).

    I'll need to have a think about how I make this correct for other countries since it will of course relate to the average grid...

  • Good question. I should probably make that clearer. My numbers were worked out ex-VAT so I suggest that you use the same approach. It's a bit of a crude / simple approach (with the benefit of helping people get a rough order or magnitude!) which I will try and make more granular next year.

  • It's a good question! I'm actually not 100% sure. The most details information on Scope 2 emissions is here:
    https://ghgprotocol.org/sites/default/files/ghgp/standards/Scope%202%20Guidance_Final_0.pdf

    The table on page 41 would imply to me that you can subtract the kWh exported to the grid from the kWh that you use. So if you are using a location-based...

  • It's just based on an average headcount over the year so as long as you can get a reasonable estimate of that. Of course the vehicle types will change but as lot as the profile of vehicle types is approxiamately right it's probably about as accurate as you can be. The other alternative (if agency works are not PAYE staff) is that they fall under the spend on...

  • That's my understanding although I should state that I've not used them before (we used VCS and Gold Standard schemes when we went through the PAS2060 certification). But their website does state that:
    "The Woodland Carbon Code is internationally recognised for high standards of sustainable forest management and carbon management and is endorsed by ICROA, the...

  • @MatthewMcGuire yes - that's what we do. Official "avoidance" offsetting is still a great thing to do. Even if it doesn't really bring things back into balance (mostly just investing in projects that help stop the situation from getting worse.....which is great of course!). Next year we are considering using permenant carbon capture projects to remove our...

  • Per product is certainly relevant. But Net Zero will require companies to reduce by 90% in absolute terms (regardless of growth). That's just the nature of the battle against climate change being somewhat at odds with manufacturing and selling lots of stuff!

  • Hi @EdwardBlogg off the top of my head is the Accenture report that I mentioned in the Cost & Benefit section:
    https://ugc.futurelearn.com/uploads/files/1d/12/1d125fbf-a97d-41b8-8208-8808a609ca6c/Accenture_-_Shaping_the_Sustainable_Organization_Report.pdf

    If others on here have links to other reports about the success of sustainable brands hopefully they...

  • You are only responsible for the emissions caused by people within your company flying. That would be scope 3 (unless you owned the aircraft!). There is always double-accounting with scope 2 and 3. So those scope 3 emissions would be scope 1 emissions for the airline. But if you are just creating adverts to encourage others to fly then you don't have to...

  • Thanks @AlexandraMirea - I'll try and get Romania added soon!

  • @MatthewMcGuire great question! It would be great to see this. A bit like the energy ratings that we get on buildings in the UK. You could have an environmental rating that also factored in those types of thing. If those statistics exist it's not something I've seen.

  • @MatthewMcGuire I've not come across anyone going to that level (and you don't need to). But I am aware of a number of apps that businesses can encourage staff to use (I list out some of my favorites in week 6!). I prefer those that focus on "gamifying" personal carbon footprints of your teams. But I've seen some that will track commute data via the app. I...

  • Hi @JasonJames - yes, this is exactly how you would do this. If you find a good source for the information (tonnes of pellets > CO2e emissions) then please do share it with me and we can find a simple way to include that as a resource for others.

  • Yes - it certainly would. My plan is to add something into the modelling tool on this course. For a professional services company (which is what we are!) it's a fairly small percentage of our overall footprint so we didn't originally include it. But for this course I need to add something. In the short-term hopefully you could find a 3rd party tool to help...

  • @RoySchweiker I've updated the note on standing charges in this section. Thanks for the feedback

  • @RoySchweiker I've updated the note on standing charges in this section. Thanks for the feedback.

  • Thanks @RoySchweiker - as per my comment to you post about the electricity emissions later in the week it seems like the standing charge in the US is a much higher percentage of your bill than in the UK (where it is typically less than 10%). But I'll change the guidance in both section.

    The reason that it seems unduly complex (fair comment!) is that I've...

  • Hi @RoySchweiker - thanks for the feedback. It seems like the standing charges are setup very differently in the US to the UK so I may need to adjust for that market. I'm just looking at my (personal) bill now and my standing charge is less than 10% (£7.62 against a total bill of £95.37). But clearly that's not the way that things are setup in the US so I'll...

  • Yes - at the moment, if it's handled by another company then it is scope 3 and would be a "service" that is covered here. Of course the model is a little crude in this regard (aimed to help companies get started quickly with a rough order of magnitude). I'm hopeing to develop an (optional!) "Advanced mode" for this section soon for companies that want to split...

  • Yes - any emissions from company owned vehicles or emissions coming direct from a company owned factory / office would be scope 1.

  • @MatthewMcGuire Yes - this is certanily the most commonly adopted by larger corporates and the public sector (certainly in the UK from my experience). There will be other frameworks and standards but this seems to be the most well regarded.

  • The problem with Google is that there have been lots of people "defining" Net Zero in general terms. The reason that the SBTi have formally defined it as a 90% reduction (with only 10% being removed) is, I believe, because permenant carbon removal technologies (which we'll discuss in week 4) are not yet fully proven at scale. So we just can't rely on them and...

  • @AdrianPepper good question. I think so but I'd have to do some more digging. All I would say is that the conversion factors I use in my model are from the BEIS datasets:
    https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/greenhouse-gas-reporting-conversion-factors-2021

    These are widely considered to be one of the best standards for emission factors (across things...

  • @AdrianPepper don't worry - you are absolutely correct. There is lots of double-accounting in carbon calculations (and that's ok!). Only your scope 1 emissions won't be double-accounted! Your scope 2 emissions will be your energy companies scope 1 emissions. The products you buy will require emissions all the way down through the supply chain to be factored...

  • @AdrianPepper Thanks. They are on my list and I'll try and get them added soon. I'll also try and make it simple for people to add their own countries (might be hard for me to support all of them!).

  • It's on my todo list. Sorry - it's not on there yet. The model does allow you to calculate this separately and add it in. I'll try and get it added to the modelling tool soon.

  • That's fairly enough! It's just an interesting statistic that surprises people. As an EV driver it certainly is a bit of a mess at the moment (you have to have about 10 apps installed to find and use the different types of chargers from different suppliers andn different cars have different connectors so there are often cables all over the place!). Hopefully...

  • Should be. I see a UK ££ version and they support lots of currencies. They are a UK business. Not sure what's going on there.

    Yes - if you just offset via Ecologi then this is greenwashing! You have to do the reduction piece. But that doesn't mean that these are great projects to support in the meantime.

  • Maybe - but I think storing it in rocks like this is a very permenant solution in that it's hard to convert that back to CO2! You could certainly argue that it's more permenant than tree planting. What happens if they burn down / die / get chopped down etc? Obviously there is a biodiversity benefit there too!

    I would argue that it is a very exciting...

  • @MatthewMcGuire exactly right. We cover "homeworker emissions" in week 3 and it's included in our modelling. Overall the reduction in travel during covid (for us at least) was much larger than the uptick from people working from home. But (in the UK at least) the problem there is that there is a lot of gas central heating that then appears in scope 3. I think...

  • @MatthewMcGuire all good points! I'm really just pointing out the two official mechanisms that can be used to report on your emissions. And I still think that businesses switching to renewable energy companies sends the right signal to the markets and puts money in the right place which should speed up the transition (rather than just hoping that goverments...

  • It's a good question @MatthewMcGuire. I'd never actually thought about why they did that! You could have just classed "Emissions from purchase of electricity steam, heat and cooling" as an additional category in scope 3 (which would then have probably been called scope 2!). i.e. just separated them into direct and indirect emissions. Perhaps someone will be...

  • Ah - that might be an Excel specific thing because it is using a dynamic lookup to get an up to date currency exchange. So, for France the "Currency exchange" says "GBP/EUR" and the "Exchange rate" box is a formula that says "=B4.Price" (which dynamically gets the exchange rate). At the moment that puts the value "1.17" in that box. If that's not working for...

  • It's a reasonable point and of course you might be more comfortable with location-based reporting. There are inefficiencies in generating electricity from renewable sources (e.g. you might consume 10kWh of electricity but 11kWh had to be generated at the turbine and 10% was lost due to efficiencies). But you can still make the arguement that there were no...

  • @HellenK. If you are purchasing your emissions from a renewable supplier then you can certainly record them as zero (using the "market-based" approach. Of course there are a lot of emissions created in the constuction of a wind-farm! But you don't have to worry about that at this point.

  • Thanks @AdrianPepper - you can use that approach if you use the "Advanced" mode (on the next step). The model uses the BEIS data for emission factors like gas and electricity. So you can put in the exact kWh usage if you can get the data and that's how it will work. However, for lots of SMEs I've found that they stuggle to get hold of that information. In...

  • Thanks @StefanieWegner do you have another source so that I could update? In terms of the % breakdown above there are a number of sources that will give values close to that. For example:
    https://www.nrdc.org/stories/greenhouse-effect-101
    (given as 76%, 16%, 6% and 2% so a little different to my 80%, 10%, 7%, 3% figure).

    I've certainly seen very...

  • Great question @H.P - it's probably the subject for another course! Driving awareness around digital footprints is another area of my work. In fact I recently launched a low-carbon website with a curated list of resources to help teams measure and build lower carbon digital solutions:
    https://thegreenpages.bima.co.uk/the-green-pages/

    The carbon footprint...

  • @RoySchweiker I think we are actually sort of saying the same thing. The point you are making above is that, if 10% of people paid for 100% renewable nothing magically changes in terms of the countries over all grid emission factor (it's still 10% renewables in your example). But if 100% people switch it still sends a very strong message to the market about...

  • @MikWisniewski Yes - thanks for the correction! Sad to see companies like Bulb failing in the energy crisis. I don't think that losing ethically focussed businesses like that can be good for consumers (or climate change in the long term). I try to pick energy companies that ONLY supply renewale energy rather than supporting those that have a mix (with some...

  • Hi @SallyCole - I assume this is a general question about modelling the footprint of the building rather than about this step (reporting periods). I'd need to understand a little more about your company and it's relationship to the building. Do you own the whole building? Does your company run the community centre? Or perhaps you are just responsible for /...