Bunny Waring

Bunny Waring

Field Archaeologist since 2001. Interdisciplinary researcher, educating students in the field, online & in the classroom.
See www.archaeologygrrl.com for resources, excavation journals and research.

Location England, UK.


  • This is a genuinely great idea. A lot to think about, thank you.

  • I want to be confident as I teach in a lot of different ways to a wide range of students from Archaeological post-graduates in the field, to the general public online and foundation year in the classroom. It is important that the passion I have for teaching Black history translates correctly to my understanding of what non-black students need to know and what...

  • Also, as a child I remember learning (from my African teacher) about African communities and to this date it is one of the main things I remember about that school year. It fascinated me and I was so happy to be learning about something new. I moved a lot and must have done the war of the roses, WW1 and Romeo and Juliet more times than I can remember. All...

  • Excellent perspectives in these videos. In my personal outreach and my professional institution, there have been various changes. My outreach has pushed for changes in the curriculum for some time, but the institutional changes have come about because of the BLM movement. There is a lot of fear about virtue signalling but to overcome this a call was put out to...

  • Excited to get started!

  • These are important observations. It is possible that the seats were softened with cushions (wealthy) and straw or grasses (poorer).

  • Vastly expensive! One of them went up for sale. The inside of the building has been renovated to a high standard so you get the beautiful ruined facade and a comfortable living space internally. Right in the heart of Rome.

  • It is an uneasy topic for sure. Clearly a fascist agenda and connecting himself to the heritage of the land, but despite these nationalistic and dramatic interventions, the heritage itself benefitted from some of these movements. Sadly, only the monuments of Roman date and ones of interest to the dictator were spared so much was also destroyed. Including...

  • Food for Thought: What are the benefits and issues with using ancient places of entertainment to show new productions and events?

  • This is the third F1 comment I have seen - I highly approve!

  • So glad you feel this way! Thank you for the feedback.

  • Roman F1! Now I like that idea!

  • Actually some of the richest men known from the ancient world were indeed chariot racers. Prize money would have come from entry fees for participants and wealthy patrons who would have been able to advertise the fact they had provided this.

  • You're quite right and it is not so different from today's political tactics. Classic Misdirection is potent. Consider the COVID news in the UK for example. Immigration. Teachers Strikes. Young People. A case study (Manchester). Society as a whole. This is a very common pattern of blaming and scapegoating everytime something major happens. You can track and...

  • Yes indeed, before Imperial power had even been fully formulated.

  • Indeed and what an impact this would have had.

  • Me neither!

  • Augustus commissioned this during his life and was designed to have enough room for him and his descendants. Note the similarity to Etruscan burial mounds....

  • @CristinaMasnata A nice idea!

  • @GrantReader Good to know!

  • @BruceArden It is true that there are different types of brickwork. These change from province to province and through time also. So actually noticing the thickness, style and material of Roman brickwork can be really important in dating a wall.

  • @SéamasÓLabhradha Thank you for sharing this.

  • Some wonderful answers here. Well done and thank you for sharing.

  • How we will all relish our museums again when they re-open!

  • Really interesting! Thank you for sharing!

  • Are there any areas you feel particularly attached to that are near you?

  • Carla are there any areas near you that you feel particularly attached to?

  • Very glad to hear this Jim! I highly recommend getting a copy of Amanda Claridge's Archaeological Guide to Rome too. It is a fantastic book with plans ancient and modern and good directions on foot.

  • Yes indeed. Unless of course you were invited inside... Which parts of the house you were allowed to see was very much connected to your statue and favour and I suspect being able to recall what a wealthy patron's garden was like, was beneficial to both the viewer and the patron.

  • If you enjoyed Pompeii and are interested in water management I highly recommend Ostia as a point of interest. A fantastic site near a river and on the coast...

  • Sounds like a great project for a Desk Based Assessment (DBA). I imagine it is a little of both, but it would be interesting to see why they changed or remained.

  • @JenniferWearne Do you have any other historical sites you are particularly curious about?

  • Food for Thought: Are there still taboos in talking about and dealing with death today? does this differ between cultures and generations? How would you mark your Roman burial?

  • Which of these recipes would you like to try the most?

  • I imagine it was a marmite situation, but definitely a cultural product of Roman society. whether everyone liked it is hard to say but it was recognised as being characteristically 'Roman'.

  • Bunny Waring made a comment

    Food for Thought: Which of these recipes will you try? What do you expect them to taste like?

  • I am also writing two papers on bread in the Roman world Diane if that appeals?

  • For those of you who enjoyed these interviews, we highly recommend Prof. Kruschwitz's blogs and projects which can be found at the links below. A variety of articles, videos and translations of ancient monuments, writings, funerary markers and poems.

    https://thepetrifiedmuse.blog/ - An utterly idiosyncratic view of the world, ancient and modern, with Peter...

  • Food for Thought: Think of your local areas of residence both urban and rural. Is there any evidence for a) Roman settlement and/or b) later Roman influence? Consider the architectural styles, the street layouts, the facilities and building types.

  • Very glad to hear this!

  • Did it change your perspective of ancient Rome at all?

  • Have we all managed to access this now?

  • Food for Thought: walking around the models, what strikes you most? Are there any factors you were surprised by?

  • @SusanLeyden We are very happy to hear this - Many thanks!

  • @NinaPinkerton Thank you for your kind words! they are much appreciated and help us to improve!

  • @HelenBrideau A good answer!

  • @MariaKernan We are very glad to hear this Maria!

  • Some great answers here!

  • @SANDEJENNINGS Some interesting thoughts here and hierarchy would have been fairly contextual. Jupiter was seen as the be-all and end-all but coastal communities would have prioritised sea-faring and water-elemental deities over those of land or freshwater, for example. Each area of Roman life had options for divine intervention, which god was chosen was...

  • Some excellent comments and dialogue here!

  • This is a truly remarkable monument and it is hard to appreciate how large it is until you see a large portion of it preserved in an old Italian man's basement... http://archaeologygrrl.com/bsr-residency-week-5-30th-april-5th-may/

  • Glad you enjoyed it Marilyn!

  • A good question Lee and the answer is - It was all about context! It was Constantine who made Christianity the first formal, organised religion (rather than individually tailored polytheism) and this coincided with political instability, loss of trade and military dominance... It is hard to say whether Constantine really believed in the Christian way of life...

  • @BillColeman A good question! Many of the temples preserved today do so because of their reuse by later religions. The reason there is no Temple to Jesus is that Christianity was developing as an organised religion which aimed to set out a specific method and hierarchy of worship which changed the followers' way of life. The monotheism of the Christian God,...

  • Indeed, the above conversation may be of interest!

  • @MarseliaEssence Indeed this applies to your question also!

  • Indeed there are a great many Christian adaptations of Roman lore, art and mythologies. It is a very interesting topic to pursuit if you are interested - the development of iconography in cultism holds some fascinating insights into the changing mindset of cultures.

  • Bunny Waring made a comment

    Do any deities appeal to you specifically? Why is that?

  • Food for Thought: The spiritual side of Roman life was integral to all the peoples of Rome, with cultism touching upon many aspects of daily life. In the modern era there are many religions, but consider the differences of (any) modern religion and those of the past. It is important not just to look for similarities, but to notice contrasts also, ensuring we...

  • There are some very important and good points here! One key difference about roman religion is that the term religion in itself is problematic. There was no one god or set of rules to follow. Respect to the Emperor was expected and enforced, but the relationship between all the different peoples of Rome and the roman gods was one of reciprocity. If you made a...

  • Thank you for the feedback Richard - It is always helpful.

  • @MatthewNicholls Thank you! My autocorrect was having a blast...

  • @KateScarratt No, apologies. My autocorrect was enjoying itself. As the professor mentioned below the correct spelling is Colleen McCullough

  • This is an important point June. A lot of these streets and walls would have been in contact with ancient feet, hands, animals, carts, paints, dirt, graffiti and products. It is important to remember the sensory dimension of these spaces. The human experience of a settlement can vary so widely from hatred to comfort. It is these stories that make a city last...

  • I'm very glad you asked this Marilyn and if you'll forgive me, I shall keep quiet for now. We have a section on music coming up and I wouldn't want to ruin it - it's a great one!

  • That it is and the allegoric nature of the friezes are as ideological as they are historical. You may find this paper of interest. It really goes into detail about the methods, meaning and motivations of these monuments. It is in German but if you search for it on Google books, it can be translated into other languages if required. Hölscher, T. 2017. Ideologie...

  • Food for Thought: Some great answers here. What would your own forum look like? What would you like it to be used for?

  • @DympnaO'Daly It is a beautiful language isn't it? Some of the clever ways the likes of Sallust combine pun and ideology is incredible.

  • @MariaKernan I hope you are able to go again in the future Maria. This virus is serious stuff, but we can all hope for adventures in the future. Speaking from personal experience I can honestly say that Rome is in no way overrated. It's incredible and each time there are hundreds of new perspectives, places and people to find.

  • @KateScarratt Great suggestions! There are also the Coleen McLoughlin books which start with Sulla and end with Caesar.

  • @SharonMcGonigle I'm glad they are of interest!

  • @PatDuggan Sadly, more often than not. The collection and destruction of memory is a powerful weapon in war and suppression.

  • Well spotted! There are a lot of connections drawn between Augustus and Aeneas and indeed Romulus too. More to come on this with the section on cultism and patron gods....

  • It is true that many sculptures, friezes and statues would have held colour. There would also have been dirt, graffiti and signs of wear and tear on the buildings. Adding these details will take time, but there are ideas to put build filters into the model for people, graffiti, colour etc. When building reconstructions there are always difficult choices to be...

  • We are glad they help Maria!

  • These are wonders indeed and before Caesar and Pompey there was Sulla and Marius and before them, the Gracchi brothers vs the aristocracy. Each of these stories, whilst providing historical context for the next, however, must be viewed in its own period of upheaval and peace. It is easy to refer to these peoples as "The Romans" but the truth is there was no...

  • Food for Thought: Want to really get to grips with Roman history? Try these books (available in libraries or most book shops)

    For those who like articles and images = Experiencing Rome - Janet Huskinson
    For those who enjoy prose style = SPQR - Mary Beard
    For those who are interested in the Emperors = Chronicle of the Roman Emperors - Chris Scarre

  • @MaryL This is a good question but I would say not as an apprenticeship in this sense is a modern concept, but also an apprenticeship implies a guaranteed reciprocal contract of some sort. Slaves could technically work their way up through the ranks, but this was not guaranteed by any means and many would have perished.

  • @WilliamDoyle @JoanR @PamelaHanger Also, from a research perspective, BC and AD are not always relevant when working in areas beyond Christian heritage. BCE and CE use the same dates, but they allow for a more uniform dating system so that those talking about the history of Catholicism, the Persian Wars, Mesopotamian Settlements and Icelandic folklore, are all...

  • For those of you who want to read more about Slavery and it's context in the ancient world and Rome, try the following books:

    Roman Slavery and Material Culture - Michele George, 2013.
    Plautus and Roman Slavery - Roberta Stewart, 2012.
    Invisible Romans, Robert Knapp. 2011.
    Staying Power: The History of Black Slavery in Britain. Peter Fryer,...

  • Food for Thought: A large number of you have (rightly) queried whether there was use of slave-labour in Roman infrastructure. The answer is far from straight forward.

    Slave-labour was used alongside other working forces, however, we must be careful here to contextualise what this means in the ancient world. Whilst not condoning any form of slavery, the...

  • Thank you for sharing Maria. Jim - we will look into this. Thank you for the feedback, we are always trying to improve.

  • Some great points here Pat - good brainstorming!

  • Food for Thought: How might the foundation myths of Rome appealed, been rebuked and recognised by ancient non-Roman cultures?

  • Glad to hear they are helpful. If you find anything missing, do let us know.

  • Hello Indu!

  • We are glad to have you with us, Maureen! I hope we can live up to expectations and beyond!

  • giggle

  • Welcome!

  • @BeateDoerre Very helpful, thank you Beate. Noted for our team also.

  • As a fellow archaeologist, fear not, they are coming!

  • Welcome back Karen! We are always trying to improve!

  • This will also work on desktops and laptops too should you have access to one of these?

  • Do let us know what you think at the end Louise!

  • It's good to have you with us Marion!

  • I see we have a wonderfully diverse group of people here, which is always a pleasure. Do feel free to mention where you're from, what you do for a living, what you hope to gain from the course and anything else you think may be of interest. There is no pressure to do this, but it often helps to create dialogues between different perspectives and needs.

  • It will be interesting to see if these associations change after the course!

  • Welcome, everyone! It's good to see so many comments. Keep them coming!

  • Just an update to say I have escalated these issues.

  • Morning All,
    I have been looking into this and it seems there is an issue between the compatibility and Kubity following an update of the software. Whilst this is a Kubity issue, I appreciate that this is frustrating and is having an impact on the FL and UoR experience. For those of you who have been affected by this comment below (if you haven't already)...