Carlo Mariconda
I am professor of mathematical analysis at the University of Padova. Among my interests: magic, tango, photography, innovative teaching, technology and elearning.
Location Padova, Italy
Activity

Thank you Matthew, we believe that such a rigorous approach helps a lot in avoiding mistakes, quite frequent in combinatorics. let us know if you "internalized" the principles after a second reading!

Thank you Maria! it is a pleasure to learn that you are now able to solve problems that were a challenge before studying the Mooc

Carlo Mariconda replied to Renate R
Thank you very much Renate, we are happy that you enjoyed the Mooc!

You are right Slawomir!. The mathematical structure of "sequence" has the advantage to regroup words, telephone numbers, ordered lists of names or numbers, etc... into a single notion.

Hi maria, these topics require for sure hard work, especially at the beginning. We are trying to force you to work on these objects, afterwards, you'll take advantage of this effort! Ciao

Hi Maria, everything is right, BRAVA (=good)!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ian Campbell
Hi Ian, this is combinatorics from a mathematical point of view. Of course there are lots of applications (statistics, crypthography,..). Here we just focus on the basic principles and structures. Once you learn how to count, you will be able to do whatever you wish involving combinatorics.

TY! We hope you'll enjoy the Mooc.

Carlo Mariconda made a comment
Hello. I am a mathematician, and advisor for elearning, of the University of Padova, Italy. I already have some Moocs on FL (Precalculus, advanced precalculus) and I am preparing a new one (combinatorics). I will suggest this course to my colleagues, that are now all going online.

There are several instruments for doing that. For instance if you are using a LMS (say Moodle) there are activities like quiz/homework that allow to test your students, or ask them to submit a homework. I usually use quiz even in my "normal" lessons: every week end I ask students to answer to 34 questions about the subjects of the week and count it for the...

Thank you!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Habeeb Mohammad
Hi Habeeb, we really hope that you will enjoy the course!

Hope you will be able to hear me! I am going to ask in order to solve this technical problem. TY

Carlo Mariconda replied to See Min Lim
Thank you See Min Lim. We are going to schedule the advanced part as soon as possible. We are preparing a new Mooc on a different topic (hopefully beginning in June), it will be a surprise: hope you are going to follow us.

Looks correct. Bravo!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Michael Rickard
Hi Michael, you can find something in wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_alphabet

Carlo Mariconda replied to Aniko Sipos
Don't worry Aniko, Precalculus will come back again ("Precalculus, the revenge")

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ian Howell
Welcome Ian, hope it will keep you busy enough.

Hello Ron, we hope that you will enjoy the course. We are curious to know what are the main differences in the methodology with respect to what you learned.

Carlo Mariconda made a comment
Hi Murray, we hope that you will enjoy our course anyway.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Maria Nagaoka
I agree with you Maria!

Any answer to the final question?

Carlo Mariconda replied to Rosalia Maino
Sure! TY Ged. Maria: hope it is clear now.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Comsa Teodora
Thank you Comsa!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Maria Nagaoka
Thank you Maria!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Caitlin Power
Hi Caitlin, this is a very good approach to a Math course!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Gill McMillan
Thank you Gill!

Of course, the language is one of the main difficulties, we try to do our best. Keep going and do not hesitate asking us.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Maria Nagaoka
Hi Maria, thank you! Hope you'll follow everything easily.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Stephen Castle
Hi Stephen, welcome to the course! The union of two sets is the set whose elements belong to at least one of the two sets. The intersection of two sets is the set of elements that belong to both of them. Does this clarify your doubt?

Carlo Mariconda made a comment
Hi Caitlin and welcome to the course. As Ken says, P(100) is the proposition:
1+...+100 equals 100 X 101/2 
Hi Gordon and welcome to the precalculus course. We added the meaning of these symbols to the glossary. Thank you and do not hesitate asking us, we understand your difficulties.

Thank you Deborah!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Mike Lewis
Thank you Mike, hope you will be able to finish week 2 in time!

Sorry Mike we have been less present due to hundred of students under exams in our calculus courses, it's really a bad period. Also Francesco and Valentina are not present for different reasons (research, ...) You are not alone in any case! Ciao, C

Carlo Mariconda replied to AnneMarie B
Hi AnneMarie. Depending on your background you may face some difficulties if you didn't follow our first precalculus course. Good luck and welcome.

Dear Mike, welcome back, we are happy to see you again!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Valeriya Vardanyan
Dear Valeriya, we hope that this course will be useful for your purposes!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Mike Lewis
True, both are valid. We tend to write ln x instead of the formally more correct ln (x) , it is just a matter of notation and common use.

Carlo Mariconda replied to mehari Temesgen
Good luck Mehari!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ivana Budija
Welcome Ivana!

Hi Mike. The intensity of the jet noise turns out to be 10^{4.8} =63 096 times than that of a motorbike. It is consistent with your calculation, since 2^{16}= 65 536...

TY again Ged!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
True Ged! But I still much prefer the venitian notation [0, +∞[...

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
Now you should see it correctly. The problem is that the automatic conversion from presentation to pdf does not show the hidden parts that appear in the middle of the presentation. TY Ged

Carlo Mariconda replied to Brian Downing
@BrianDowning Dear Brian, n bar stands for the first integer for which you are checking the validity of the proposition. It is not an arbitrary integer, in any case. For instance if you want to prove a proposition P(n) from n=3 you then n bar =3.

@GedLangosz Dear Ged thank you now you should be able to see the missing parts!

Thank you Ged, now you should see the missing part!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Nicola Clarke
Ged's definition is right. It means that, given a real number, you can approximate it as well as you want with a rational number.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
Absolutely true Ged. The codomain is the ambient set where the function takes its values (say real numbers, complex numbers, rationals, positive real numbers...). The range is exactly the set of the values of the function. For instance if f: N >N defined by f(n)=n^2, the codomain is N but the range is the set of squares of natural numbers: {1,4,9,...}

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
Nice! TY

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
TY Ged!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
The fact here is that Francis is using the terms of the decimal expansion, showing their meaning. Best in which sense? I ensure you that 1570796327/500000000, obtained by means of the 9 first decimals of Pi=3.141592654... is even a better one!

Dear Ged, you may be true. Nevrtheless we warmly suggest to follow the course mostly with your left side of the brain...

Dear rasmita, it's normal! Enjoy the course!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
Let us denote here sqrt(a) the square root of a, a^b the bth power of a. We know that sqrt 2 is irrational . Consider (\sqrt 2)^{sqr 2}. If it is rational we are done. Otherwise, set r=(\sqrt 2)^{sqrt 2}, that we assume to be irrational, and s=sqrt 2. Then r^s=sqrt 2^2=2 is rational. [Notice: we do not establish whether (sqrt 2)^{sqrt 2} is irrational....

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
Dear Ged, both ( or ] are admissible following the [International standard ISO31](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISO_3111). The notation with ***,b[ or ]a,*** was introduced by Bourbaki and is widely used in Europe: just travel around and give a look!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
Does it look better to you now? TY, carlo

Carlo Mariconda replied to Benard Daka
Dear Benard, thank you!

TY Graham!

Dear Benard yiu are right. TY!

True! TY

Dear Ajay,
the first component of the polar coordinates of the point (x,y) represents the distance from the point to the origin, and is thus positive. 
Carlo Mariconda replied to Glenda Leeming
Hope you ended to pay your mortgage!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ged Langosz
Dear Ged, there are some exceptions! The exponential e^x may be extended to the complex numbers, with the property that e^(z+w)=e^z e^w for every pair z,w of complex numbers. Calling i the imaginary unit of the complex plane (i has the property that i^2=1), when z=x+iy with x,y reals one has e^(x+iy)=e^x e^(iy)=e^x(cos y+ i sin y). Thus if you take x=0 and...

Carlo Mariconda replied to Glenda Leeming
Dear Glenda, thank you for your support. We still don't know if this course will be back again, it depends on Futurelearn.. Ciao.

True! Ciao

@GrahamGardiner Dear Graham, it is enough to remember that roots are defined just for positive numbers. If yoy deal with an expression of the form x^b just think at its definition. What is x^5? x multiplied by itself for 5 times, it makes sense for every real x. And x^{5}? 1/x^5: it makes sense for all x different from 0. And x^{pi}? Well it's e^{\pi ln(x)},...

Carlo Mariconda replied to Fabien Simonis
@FabienSimonis Now the pdf is available. Thank you!

Carlo Mariconda replied to Graham Price
Sometime we remember useless things forever, while important ones vanish...

Hi Nadarajah, did you upgrade your Os? The problem with audio/videos is that they usually need recent codecs/software versions. Try to download the video and use the last version of VLC (free) to watch it

Dear Francis, x^3 is injective and its image is R: it is thus bijective as a map from R to R. Let us look at its inverse.
Let y be real: we look for the (unique) x such that f(x)=x^3=y: such a x will be f^{1}(y). In some books x is called the cubic root of y. However, for many good reasons that we do not recall here, we define cubic roots just for positive... 
TY Ajay!

The video sound seems correct for us: did you update your operating system?this is usually the problem. Also, did you check your internet connection? Concerning the "magic board" we really built it with the help of a...magician. We called it Board On Air, it is based on the Lighboard by M. Peshkin.

Dear Svargo, do you see at what stage you missed a minus sign?

Carlo Mariconda replied to Tanya Syl
Dear Tanya, here it is! TY.

Relax, it's just the opposite!

Dear Vitali, your bank does meet these functions! Take care.

Dear Fabien, it seems to me that you are saying that y3 = t*y1 + (1t)*y2 for some t, this is equivalent to what Francis writes (just replace t with 1t). Then you realize that t=1/3, whence 1t=2/3. The way you realize that t=1/3 is clear in this case. Imagine, however, that we asked to find the point of the form (1/pi,y) along the segment: does your...

Thank you Fabien and Rebecca, now everything should be fine (pdf + video).

Carlo Mariconda replied to Fabien Simonis
Thank you Ajay!

hi Ajay, true in general. Here however we take E as the codomain of f. Any function, when you restrict its codomain to its image becomes surjective. In that case you just need to prove injectivity.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Clare Fletcher
Hi Clare, T
there are several "intuitive" trigonometric identities, we decided not to put them in a long list. By intuitive I mean that you can guess them by means of the interpretation of the sine and cosine in the trigonometric circle. The proof can then be obtained eaaily by means of the formulas sin(a+b)=... or xis(a+b)=... for instance cos (180t) = cos... 
Carlo Mariconda replied to James Ball
Hello James, how do you get c^2 = a^2 + b^2 + 2abCos(theta)? It may interest many students. TY.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Clare Fletcher
Dear Clare, see my answer to Rebecca. Ciao, C

Carlo Mariconda replied to Rebecca Roe
Dear Rebecca, the most difficult cases that you may encounter in the previous precalculus involve the absolute value or roots, they should not be present here. You will be able to follow easily here the inequalities that involve exponentials or logarithms. The difficulty in those that involve trigonometric functions depends only on the knowledge level on the...

Carlo Mariconda replied to Glenda Leeming
@GlendaLeeming Dear Glenda, please give a look to the word "Interval": is it more clear now? TY, ciao.

yes, this is the way. Just a remark: do not forget on which intervals the various affine functions involved are considered, and which is their image, i.e., the sets of their values. For instance f: [1,3]>[2,3]. If x is in [1,1] then y=f(x) is in [2,1]....f^{1}:[2,3]>[1,3]. If y is in [2,1] then f^{1}(y)=... etc.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Cruz Castillo
Hello Cruz, thank you for following us! Hope you will enjoy this mooc too.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Paul Crossley
Dear Paul, You may be too young for this course ;)

Carlo Mariconda replied to Vickie Campbell
Dear Vickie, welcome back. Of course, we suggest to follow the first precalculus mooc before going into this one. However you may in any case appreciate some steps concerning exponentials, logarithms and trigonometry.

Carlo Mariconda replied to x Svargo
hello Svargo, welcome back again!

Carlo Mariconda replied to corinne smith
TY, we are happy to see you here.

Hope that these .... will become ***** TY.

Dear Vickie, we hope that you will enjoy the Mooc. I understand it will not be an easy task to follow all the steps, but it's really good for brain, as Francis says in the trailer.

Dear Khadijah, I am sure it will work. Have a nice time with us.

Carlo Mariconda replied to James Ball
Dear James, thank you. The next course begun just yesterday, hope it will not interfere too much with your holidays! have a nice time in Scotland.

Carlo Mariconda replied to Rachel Welton
Dear Rachel, take your time. We hope to see you again!

Dear Katerina, it is useful whenever you can see the coefficient b of x as 2 times something, e.g., 6= 2 X 3, or 2 Sqrt[3], or 2 Pi,..: the method is useful because in such a way you work with smaller numbers. For instance if you solve x^2+20 Sqrt[5]x+100=0 in the standard way you deal with a discriminant equal to 1600. With the trick n.2 the "reduced...

Carlo Mariconda replied to Ajay Dundi
Dear Ajay, thank you from all of us!