Olivia Hackshaw

OH

70yr old retired RN born and raised on a Caribbean island ,St.Lucia. My mixed ethnicity makes my ancestors both slaves and slave- owners.Love my pets and sometimes do volunteer work at the local hos

Location St.Lucia West Indies

Activity

  • Addicts and resilient immune systems —Thanks for sharing that aspect of your work ,Patricia .The stories of addicts often speak of turmoil from before birth and the individuals surviving it in all forms .Week 5 Ask Mark addresses this topic of ResilianceHe suggests many things from the genetic to the external world .My own guess is that the mechanism of...

  • Came out tops!@RichardLaing

  • Post#2Addicts chasing that first high They continue to look for it in every subsequent usage and never find it ! So they continue to use until the cycle is broken and a better alternative is found .Lord what fools we mortals are ,frontal lobe not withstanding

  • …Thanks Malcolm for those “ inside” observations on gambling addiction .I shall look up some more info on that .Meanwhile I was trying to link them with some rituals/ behaviours of drud / alcohol users .(1) Predisposition A genetic link was suggested back in the 1960’s with a Swedish study .(2) Choice of certain games .Drug/ alcohol addicts have their DOC (...

  • Of course!!

  • Olivia Hackshaw made a comment

    Valedictory time I suppose -The course — That something ,presented in such a concise manner threw so much light on my life’s work, as well as on the how and why of human behaviour, did not fail to delight .I enjoyed the interdisciplinary approach and links to more in- depth neuroscience.Thank you Dr Solms and your team especially Angela .And then there was the...

  • Tell us more about those dreams Steve .

  • Heavens no Sandra ! But 50 + years ago middle - age meant you were past it - it was a case of 40 and over the hillBosh ,I don’t have the time to feel depressed !Maybe those women saw their role in life as having come to an end

  • Peter The ideal is really to design treatment around the behaviours specific to the individual There is a modern term for that approach but it eludes me now .All treatment plans should be client- specific and client- centered ie the client is involved in identifying the issues to be addressed. Sometimes symptoms of the “emotional and cognitive “ groups ,as...

  • Thanks for the link Tav ,good stuff there !

  • Rajiv, stopped smoking uh? Good for you ! My understanding is that nicotine stimulates the same neural pathway as crack cocaine ,and I believe sex ,hits the amygdala and produces a nice feeling .Any behaviour that makes you feel good is likely to be repeated though not necessarily good for you .My smoking started after a significant loss.Perhaps thinking of...

  • Thanks Irene for that update on autism and anorexia.My knowledge oof those areas is miniscule to say the least .But when I did get to care for anorexia pts I always thought that there was far,far more than met the eye .Just as “cutting” among depressed adolescents is said to bring relief ( their explanation) so too may vomiting among those with anorexia.Any...

  • @IreneWyndham my reply to your query is some where in a post Am not terribly IT - savvy !

  • Irene,At the giving up stage a person may well be at risk for self- harm and a hospital may well be the place for help .Not all countries can offer this but wherever help is offered the best approach is an Hollistic approach .Ensure safety ,see bodily needs are met( this can be difficult)Medically ,antidepressants can help lift mood and make the person more...

  • Rajiv,I like to think of Subjectivity as “ It’s all about Me”. Taking a selfie .The other properties turn the lens around and then you can see the world and yourself as the world sees you - as an object That’s my perception of how the 4 properties work .

  • POST # 2 Linking Depression And Addiction .I don’t think the systems ever shut down .( Joelle B ,my fellow - learner had me thinking about this!) SEEKING is constantly seeking and choices ,helpful or harmful, continue to be made by AGENCY .In the case of depression as well as in addiction ,it seeks a way out of this bad ,hurting feeling . Will it be a healthy...

  • 6-6Linking Depression& Addiction with the System of Emotions POST #1The system of emotions ,as I understand ,has evolved ,exists and functions for the well- being of the individual.It works in tandem with various neurochemicals.So why malfunction ?Could it be that the more evolved properties ofAgency ( where choices are made) and the sophisticated frontal...

  • Irene repressed feelings are certainly a factor as well as the fluctuations in opiates during the Panic/ Grief system’s response Re article Why Depression Hurts

  • The brain ,as I se it it a visual print out of what the mind is doing . The Mind - Body relationship seems to be well accepted ie the workings of one influence the other And neuro- plasticity is visual evidence .I think the supply of blood to the heart is another example .After a period of cardiac rehab or certainly after an exercise regimen a better blood...

  • ADDICTION- no cure?Addicts never seem to have “ Enough”- with addicts it’ s All Systems Go !Is there a cure ?They, collectively , in their own publications ,claim that “ there is no known cure”(unquote). but it can be arrested . No doubt the System of Emotions plays heavily into the reason why addicts use and continue to seek out their various...

  • 6-4 Why Depression feels bad .M.S and J.P.—“—-It is not amenable to direct,objective scrutiny”( Consciousness). Depression Then and Now When I began my psych .nurse training > 50 years ago, text books described 2 kinds of depression ,Exogenous& Endogenous .The first was easy to understand. It happened because of an external event ,not necessarily related...

  • Subjectivity when I know who I am and find out what I am supposed to be doing at any given time it is the most wonderful feeling of freedom .Like every other individual I have my place on this planet I have a super- abundance of curiosity ( it has at times led me down adangerous path!)Jan ,find out if you have a super abundance of something find out how it...

  • Jan ,why do some people have more testosterone,thyroid hormone ,cholesterol ,blue eyes .blue eyes thaturn green depending on the colour clothes they are wearing ,etc The world is not “ a black and white case “ right or wrong.we are not all the same When zi reached a place of self- acceptance in my life I finally acknowledged my unique- ness.It entailed some...

  • De- confabulate- probably means confessing or owning up Not a bad idea . Can be done using a “tool” called honesty,.As you inferred earlier on confabulation while being useful( making it all sound good ) can turn out to be harmful in inter- personal relations Self - honesty is one of the best practices for attaining and maintain good mental health .Adaily...

  • Hi Katherine Thanks for sharing on the Spirituality aspect of things I just posted something to Tavis ( co - learner) trying to tie in Honesty with one of the mental processes.The drug addicts in Narcotics Anonymous make no pretensions about their program .It incorporates spiritual principles that can be used in their daily lives They say thatt the “ The HOW “...

  • Hi Tavis —-“ ignoring things that do not fit .Exactly .Too unpleasant to deal with- shove it into the Unconscious When the Unconsciousness regurgitates it Confabulation has to fix it . Enter a thing called HonestyNow where does that come from ? What ‘s it for ? “To thine own self be true”

  • Neuropsychoanylytic Notes on Addiction .Interesting article .It had me reflecting on my many years working with addicts .(1) The “attachment” component generated by the basic instinctual systems made me think of cross- addictions, substituting one addiction for another TheG P’s do it all the time - Valium for alcohol.In my case chocolates for nicotine !But...

  • Methinks Confaulation has been lending a helping hand to all for a long time If you present yourself to the world in just the right way @TavisReddick no telling where it might get you The best job reference you’ll ever see is the one you write for yourself !All these mental mechanisms were for gettin by and survival in the first place and will be with us...

  • My personal anecdote .My govt job said I had to retire so I did just what I had planned for that .My local hospital knows me well so zI volunteered.They offered full- time e mployment I said “ no thanks “ As a volunteer I could say “Good morning at 8am and Good bye any time I liked .Some staffers saw me as a very wealthy woman because zi looked so happy. Was I...

  • Yes Peter all of us have a mental health issue at sometime or another .The Mental HealthContinuum is a recognized way of looking at mental health issues ( sorry zi have no link but maybe you can just ggoogle it) .It is a dynamic way of dividing three degrees of health — Mental health- Mental I’ll- health— Mental illness. Any one of us at any time can be in...

  • Joelle as my training and work has for a large part been ,in psychiatric nursing I would like to suggest that in severely depressed people the Seeking system takes some time out and the Grief system takes over At that point the patient does not want to do anything at all ( boy, those are hard to work with) and in the grieving state natural opioid levels are...

  • No,I don’t think the processes are different .@JanDeurwaarder

  • Some parting thoughts on Confabulation In my own words it could read something like this —“ a re- writing of the story- the plot is not changed fundamentally but the attendant details are altered “ Why ? Because it sounds good .

  • Jan ,the way I see it the Seeking System does not cause the addiction It makes the organism engage with the world and when it finds something that Feels good it repeats the experience .Now not everything that feels good is necessarily good .Some drugs “hijack” neurochemical production and transmission eg crack cocaineseems to cause dopamine production to...

  • Some good points there Donna !

  • Lol!

  • What zi think is that there is a set of behaviours that are common to all of us most likely generated and influenced by the four properties As you go down the Continuum of mental health the degree of intensity increases or decreases eg fear thieves might break in to outright paranoia that thugs are coming up the driveway after you .This then interrupts the...

  • When applying the four properties of the Mind I was drawn to the much- discussed topic/ diagnosis of Personality Disorder .An over - abundance of Subjectivity can give rise to selfishnessConsciousness and feelings again put the focus on Self and then what is not palatable is repressed and not dealt with .So we then see lack of responsibility.no insight .no...

  • Seem to have lost my lengthy reply in cyber space Donna but the good news is that Addiction is treatable

  • Won’t give one specific answer here Jan but can share some of my extensive experience of work in this field I believe there are “ over 30 “ theories of Addiction but the treatment and rehab models that tend to use the Bio- Psycho -Social- Spiritual approach seem to get the best outcomes vs the others that use just one approach eg medication ,or psychotherapy...

  • The last 10 years of my official working life was spent working in Drug & Alcohol rehab so there is a certain familiarity here .The addicts of Narcotics Anonymous tell you that in the beginning using was fun but later on it was not yet they continued They explained that they fell into “ a pattern of selective thinking” telling themselves that the drugging...

  • What The Mind is For I plan on reading Jan’s link when I have some more more time .A long time ago BC( before this course)I came to appreciate the Unique- ness of the individual .I never fully accepted the thinking /explanation of the 1970’s-1980’that neuro- biology alone explained or was responsible for human behaviour. eg guys...

  • Many thanks and appreciation to my reviewer,Peter Ma.Some apparently view Confabulation in slightly ways and as Prof had earlier said it is a challenging thing to write about .My nursing text books of 50 years ago ( and more modern ones ) confined Confab ulation to the realm of a “ Pathology”Re : M.S’s article Agency: The Development of the human...

  • Yes Joelle a possible link between Thinking and Reflectivity ? Am trying to figure that out myself !

  • Withdrawal symptoms !

  • And now computers and AI may make prefrontal lobes obsolete Here comes another chapter in human evolution !

  • Part 2 of post. The Golden Rule .@JanetMordike so if for some reason this is trangressed( Subjectivity minus Empathy ) the notionof sin is not so archaic.And if Guilt kicks in it may actually be a protective mechanism-(“don’t repeat”)Then there are so many other emotions that yes,they could help to “soften” the intensity of others ( Caring)People need each...

  • Just some of my thoughts Janet .When instincts became modified and emotions more complex,I gather it was still for the common good - humans were no longer roaming as individuals but were beginning to form communities( “It’s not only me (Subjectivity) but us”). Enter EMPATHY.(“ If I do this or that I feel good or bad”)So the concept of The Golden Rule is born (...

  • Now don’t get addicted !@DonnaMarkham

  • Ha Donna ,sounds like your Seeking and Liking Systems are working overtime !

  • The PLAY SYSTEM most likely accounts for what I recount here .There were’nt many kids in our neighborhood but my sister and I had more boys than girls to play with .” Cowboys and Crooks “ may or may not) have been the case here but it called for a “ fight” with one of the boys .It was an equal affair at first but at one point I had the advantage to get the...

  • Or even Near Death Experiences .Janet

  • I had a weather alert activated ( rain)One stormy night it kept going off every 10- 15 mins .It was exciting at first to hear the app in action but eventually I shut it off - the idea of a good night’s sleep was more pleasurable

  • One of my “Seeking needs” is to go to new frontiers- of geography ,ideas .A need to gain knowledge and then power perhaps?As a child I r ead books ,and played games with other kids .As an adult I explored where and whenever possible - foreign lands ,cultural mores .Someone told me once time that I could turn a simple trip to the store into an adventure .A few...

  • Hi Jan ,Am equating “ immaterial” with “ un- seen” .All this neuronal activity is said to be generated by energy( un- seen “).That , I believe is held by all neuroscientists .The role of energy is an area requiring exploration .This is obviously not within the scope of this 6-week, on line course This course was intended to explore “pertinent ,philosophical...

  • The Good ,the Bad ,the Brain .For me ,the article highlighted the imbalance between evolution and external events / forces .Early teens want to engage in sexual activity yet developmental experts tell us they are not mentally prepared for parenting until the 30’s. A human dilemma .So important then to inculcate from early good practices that help attain and...

  • Jan The way I got it -RAS generates Consciousness,a state of awareness triggered by Internal and External events .The in- built Emotion system responds .Feelings are then sent to the fore brain where the Seeking system decides how to respond ..- most likely what’s best for the organism .The Seeking system is apparently a built - in feature and over time the...

  • Thanks for pointing that out Jan and the links — will follow it up @JanDeurwaarder

  • Another thought- provoking week .

  • Sweet are the uses of Denial!

  • Compelling analogy!

  • On Jan 1st 1970,as a final year student nurse ( psych) I was doing a “ mock” oral exam. The examiner was a psychiatrist associated with the highly esteemed Inst .Of Psychiatry next door to us (Maudsley ) I was asked to “explain” Freud’s Theory to the Unconscious .I must have been way down the scale of consciousness from the festivities of the night before and...