Ciaran Parker

Ciaran Parker

I'm an eternal student. There are so many things we must find out about our world and FutureLearn has enabled me to partially quench my thirst for knowledge, though I'll never stop learning.

Location Cavan, Irish Republic



  • Much of the anti-semitic rhetoric used by Stalin and his henchen in the late 1940s and early 1950s was sponsored by "anti-cosmopolitanism".

  • Ciaran Parker made a comment

    Here in Ireland, the turnip (more correctly, the swede) had a dietary role second only to the omnipresent potato. It was used as an ingredient for the dish known as boxty. whose preparation was confined to Hallowe;en. Because of its tastelessness, it often accompanied either salted or smoked bacon.

  • Ciaran Parker made a comment

    The poster made in Dublin in 1915 is interesting. Belgium, like Ireland, was a preominantly Catholic country. The figure of "the Belgian woman" is quite similar to the very familiar image of Cathleen Ni Vourneen, whose reproduction was common in this period and was a symptom of cultural nationalsm.

  • Can disability give rises to trauma?

  • Atrocities characterised the First Balkan War as well, but these were brushed aside as being relics of older, religious conflicts.

  • John Elkington's right. Triple Bottom Line is a nice idea but it is no more than an accounting gmmick. When he coined the term, using the work already done by the earlier theorist, he wanted oto have a discussion about the future of capitalism. The most successful capitalists aren't interested in discussing capitalism, only in earning the big profits which can...

  • I'd like to add to my previous contributiuon. The spread of potato cultivation had led to many "marginal" areas of agricultural production being pressed into cultivation. This, along with the short-term population pressures, created stresses for peatlands.

  • 1. History.

    2. The introduction of potatos to Ireland (This happened independently of the Wardian case).

    3.. The potato was a crop easily grown in poorer soils and damp conditions. It could be grown by poorer inhabitants who were provided with a source of basic nutrition.

    4. This caused over-dependence, so when the potato crop failed in successive...

  • Truly horrifying. Even though Pte. Thomas' face was reconstructed, what trauma he must have suffered

  • Fascinating, though somehow troubling as well.

  • If a museum has received the permission of all of the surviving family, they should be able to use them.

  • Not only do we not see them in exhibitions, we do not see them in textbooks. I have a degree in history (plus a doctorate) yet this is the first time I even heard about them and the women's bravery.

  • Henryk Ross was able to help expose what Hannah Arendt called The Banality of Evil. I think this has become an all-too-present prophecy.

  • What a find! The family Salzmann were Germans whose ancestors just happened to follow Judaism, in the same way as others were Roman Catholics or members of the Evangelic Church. Their survival is proof of the power of humanity which they were able to present to a wider world through their photography. Maybe this was becase of their SPD membership? I know that...

  • The photograph of the wintery Silesian village may well contain a lot of Heimat-bound cliches, but it is still a very pretty image. It could only be those like the Nazis whose world-view was based on a dseased exclusivitym who could argue that Jewish people lacked aesthetic sensibility.

  • The very first time I heard the name "Mary Queen of Scots" mentioned was in a Monty Python sketch. It included a radio play entitled "The Death of Mary Queen of Scots" introduced by the rather Scottish-founding music of the Simon Templar theme music. The play consisted of a door being opened and a voice asking: "Are you Mary Queen of Scots?" When someone, I...

  • Powerful.

  • The exhibition was truly innovative. It is not a two or im some sense one dimensional project where an object or its representation is presented to the public, with explicatory text. It aimed to provoke.

  • I could not watch them. The fact that they still exist makes my flesh crawl. I know they are a mere fraction of the hate material on the web, which has become a further means of spreading hatred. It is my own, very private though effective, form of censorship. I will ot allow myself to be disgused or enraged.

  • Gary makes some excellent points there!

  • My first introduction to the Holcaust came from television, namely ITV's The World At War of the mid 1970s. A whole programme was devoted to it. {hptpgra[hs, including one showing Himmler splashed with human brain matter, was included. The Holocaust was dealt with very pretemptorily at school. It was one of many subjects bying for attention, and the teacher...

  • Photographs are historical sources: we accept their veracity. They cannot lie. The shutter capotures whatever image passes onto the film. But it s possible that photos may be staged. (I'm not suggesting for one moment that this was true of the Holocaust). The Nazis knew how to manipulate photography towards the telling of their sick narrative. They had learned...

  • Resilience-building can take so many forms. Once a grouip is identified as having been "damaged" by an experience - a natural disaster, a massacre, an unjust situation which may have been perpetuated and inde3ed may still be ongoing - some investigations as to the day-to-day difficultes mayt highlight the dexistence of emotions such as grief. Attempts may be...

  • It is apparent that there's no single cause of violenty radicalisation, which, if cured, can lead to its end. Similarly, there may be no one style of resilience-building or amelioration that can mitigate the effects of violent extremism. That doesn't mean we shouldn't try.,

  • A person may radicalise for a myriad of reasons and so it is unhelpful if an intellectual straitjacket is laid upon all scenarios of radicalisation. If the personis radicalised, and that leads to the needto commt violence,this is sadly sufficient. It is very cyical to state after the commission of an attack, that the victims died as a result of the perpetrator...

  • Ciaran Parker made a comment

    I learned Latin or rather the version of Latin used in the first century CE. Then, when I began my researc hes in medieval history, a working knowledge of Latin was essential, as most of the soures were in Latin. However, it was a paired--down language for administrative purposes, and was not in daily use. I also learned "ancient" Greek, and while I found this...

  • Is there a proscription among either Iranian Zoroastrians or Parsis against marrying outside the community? I can understand how more conservative elements within either are opposed to this, as they fear a watering down of the communty. How open is Zoroastrianism to receiving new converts? I heard a feature, broadcast on the BBC Word Service some time ago...

  • This was a wonderfrul film. The Zoroastrians of Iran were motivatedr by environmental concerns in their preference for tower burial rather than inhumation. I was struck by the everyday tolerance of other religions This is unexpected from Iran

  • For many that might be a non-runner, as they see the army of their country as foreign and hostile.

  • Also family history should not be dismissed as a reason, though a family must be interpreted in its broadest context.

  • For me the most important element determining responses to Hib ut-Tahrir is that is does not promote violence. There are those,, in general ill-informed observers who see membership as being a "stepping stone" to "radicalisation". Wouldn;t the movements proscription make that a certainty?

  • The piece is a very clear and eloquent reflectrion of the tendency to lump together those seen as threatening by "frigfhtened" groups. Their fears are often blown up, as is their vulnerability, by powerful but hidden statre actors. what's morte the situation is sprinkled with heavy doses of ignorance. Early on the writer mentions 'L'Affaire Rushdie" and...

  • There was much ill=informed comment by so=called hoyralistic "experts! on events in Egypt. Someone even claimed that al-Sisi was "the Brotherhoiod;'s man" in the top tiers of the military.

  • I can certainly accept the second reason, which is a coldly pragmatic response. The Egyptian security forces are past masters of brutalising the population, and so even the smallest act of dissent would have produced much collateral damage. The first reason given by the professor demonstrates that the leadership of the Brotherhood is stil very strong, and...

  • My granddad fought and was severely injured in World War ! too, but I never knew him. He died in the early '30s, supposedly as a result of his injuries. He has been a laster, a sklled worker in the shoe-making industry, but he had to give up this job and so his family were thrown into poverty. My father was born in 1920. He fought in the next war, and while...

  • The water hyacinth may appear to be a miracle-giving plant as it has so many other uses. In Taiwan it is eaten as a vegetable, while its pretty flowers are eaten throughout south-east Asia. Its leaves may contain a substance useful in repelling anoter invasive species of mimosa.

  • Some background on the Loscoe landfill explosion.

  • Hola a todos. Me llamo Ciaran y soy irlandes.

  • I am deeply interested in the history of the Near East, as well as how this area is a rich source-bed of beliefs and traditions.

  • Ciaran Parker made a comment

    Let me introduce myself. I have already studied two years of a Law Degrere with the Open University. I enjoyed the course's approach to Law. I had amde up my mind never to practice. For a start I an a resident on another jurisdiction (the Irish Republic). My interests turned towards the international, and I have subsequently completed numerous MOOCs on...

  • I can't wait for that new course! I love the bibliography!

  • Ciaran Parker made a comment

    1. Tantalizing.
    2. There was no part that I didn't enjoy
    3. Consequently, I enjoyed it all, especially the part dedicated to zoo-archaeology.

  • It is amazing how much a mute object can tell us, but there are yet so many unanawered and unanswerable questions!

  • You make very good points. We should be careful about making statements in the absence of either literary or scientific evidence. What was the gender breakdown of either the Szolad or Collegno group?

  • The fact that they occupied a site for a generation, and then abandoned it, speaks of very strong collective bonds. Ths was an essential prerequisite for a leader who aimed to be strong, for it was necessary that this element of strong leadership be transferred to the next generation.

  • We shouldn't forget that the "Roman" population was itself made up of numerous ethnicities which had been blended over the centuries and who had, in some cases, been immigrants themselves.

  • This has been an intriguing week which shows how much can be achieved through excacation using the most up-to-date technology. For decades the archaeologist has bewen confused with a latter-day Indiana Jones. For the vst majority, I know that the uncovering of a hose's skeleton is far more faluable than uncovering items of precious metal.

  • Ciaran Parker made a comment

    1 No one area mono[po;seds wjeat [rpdicftopm/ Soco;u was a strategic provider of the grain, sitting in the middle of the Mediterranean, along with the area around Carthage and northern Egypt. Wheat was also poroduced in Dacia or Romania.
    2 Andalucia or Baetica was and still is a major source of olves.
    3 Gallia was a major exporter of wine.

  • One of the sauces was I believe called garum. IT was made from parts of fishes which were otherwise discarsded during processing, to which salt or brine was added. Although disgusting to most modern taastes it was one of the core products for supplies to the Roman army, being transported in bulk and then broken down into smaller portions for consumption.

  • One of the most important historical sources are early medieval chronicles. These may have oweed their origins to local computationnnns of the date upon which Easter sunday would fall. Other monks added references to events that had occurred in the year. One of the most frequently-mentioned events was climatic, whether in the more general reference to a "good"...

  • I have a doctorate in medieval studies but in late medieval history. I was always closely involved in the related parallel discipline of medieval archaeology, but never as a practitioner. The weather is seldom kind for long here in Ireland, and so I tended to prefer the slightly warmer and drier atmosphere of the archives! I was forced to concentrate on the...

  • The character of Lady Macbethg had, f course, entered the realm of European fiction as someone who was ruthless. In the late 18th century the Russian writer Nikolai Leskov wrote a novella entitled Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk district, whose heroine Katerina Izmailova, poisoned her husband and father-n-law with the help of her lover Sergei. This was the basis...

  • But what of the tradition of theatrical companies who were down on their luck staging "The Scottish Play", because it was believed to attract bigger crowds?

  • Continued:

    There are also verbs of proscription – stop up, as well as the command to make thick.
    Sight is mentioned yet indirectly through its opposite form sightless. The sight / sightless metaphor is completed in her wish that her actions be invisible.
    She calls fo a world divided. On the one hand is heaven, which may want the world to be at peace ...

  • Setting. Macbeth's castle. His wife has finished reading a letter from her husband.

    Euphemisms. Unlike her husband, Lady Macbeth has no difficulty in using the word murder or its asociated adjective murdering.

    Alliteration. This is used throughout the soliloquy. There is also assonance: Come thick night and my keen knife.
    Enjambment. This is used...

  • They shift between the two registers. When Lady macbeth first adresses her husband, she does so as an equal. Then, in other to address him as a husband, and to awake within him the intimacy that exists between a husbaned a wife she switchs to "thou" at the words "From this time Such I account thy love." When this appeal to his masculinity does not work, she...

  • Ciaran Parker made a comment

    Shared lines add to the sense of speed and urgency. They can reflect the relationships between charactgers, both closeness and temporary iritation' it is, as if one character is taking a bite out of the othser.

  • I agrree!

  • Perhaps our biases are fed by the additional informationl. which may or may not be relevant. Had Rob asked us the field of study in which his next door neighbour was a professor, many of us would shrug our shoulders, and respond with blank ignorane. Those brave enough to offer an answer would chose psychology as having far more professors. Another way of...

  • Baudelaire uses some uncmfortable imgery, to express how the clockk, as the instrument of time, consumes us unemotionally. We are left as weeping shadows, mere cowards. (I must add that my response to Baudelaire;s poem is coloured by my own experience with the inexorable ticking of a clock, which seemed like an unyielding drum accompanying the march to the ed...

  • Nearly every poem featured on the course has caused an emotional reacion, but the one which has produced the greatest and perhaps the most complex esponse is Leopold Sédar Senghor's La Nuit de Sidé. When I read it I was bombarded by these luxurious images which seemed to lead me by the hand into a vast, wondrous and ever-changing forest. When I heard it...

  • I agree that Baudelaire uses his material like images which create a sensoory response. The flower which is compared to an incense-burnner s one.

  • It is a poem reeking in self-atisfaction. It ws only an elite who had a "train". One might say that it is an idealistic poem, for the contentment he seeks is known by few, even the very great.

  • It's noteworthy that Plantin uses almost exclusive the verbal infinitive, so as to demonstrate the universality of the verb,

  • IT depends. Death is a concept we observe, but we can never know how it is subjectively experienced.

  • Both Baudelaire and Hugo were men.

  • This is in a perfect world. Some of those who engage in plagiarism love the word, because it;s long and important-sounding, but they know very little about intellecual property.. They may know a lot about real property, and how this can be preserved, especially if they have acquired the later by shady means,

  • You buy the property rights to the individual book you have bought. After reading it, you may sell it on to someone else, or if it is stolen you can inform the authorities. THis is separate from the intellectual property rights of the author. Your decision to buy his or her book does not affect those, and hopefully you may be able to contribute to his or her...

  • Why are those other elements left out of the assessments? I would have thought that checking biomass is central to the reliability of a model.

  • Ciaran Parker made a comment

    Professor Elliott's work with saffron is to be lauded. So little of the stuff is produced in the European UNion; I think one of the few producers is Switzerland. It should be possible to trace the legitimate saffron and so earmark the sources where this is available.

  • It is really shocking to think that a quarter of the oregano we buy is adulated. I am so happy that I grow my own!

  • When I sought access to the paper by Rahmati et al I received a message requesting my QUB staff/student number and password, none of which I have as I'm not a student there. I'd still like to read the paper though.

  • I'd never heard of "Industry 4.0" As far as automation of the food industry it happens and while it might seem to put a spanner in between the consumer and producer, it is a way of ensuring good quality produce, made safely and available at a competitive price.