Introduction to legislation and regulations

In this section, we will look at the legislation that has been enacted to protect online data transactions and to prevent the cyber-crimes that could potentially occur during those transactions.

There are two levels of legislation: national and international.

National legislation and regulations

These are most prominently used in the United Kingdom for data protection and the prevention of cyber crimes. Examples of such regulations are:

  • The Computer Misuse Act
  • The Data Protection Act

International legislation and regulations

These contain all the acts that apply to international level regarding the processing, storing and exchange of data in web transaction that involve intercontinental processes. Representative examples of those regulations are:

  • General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
  • EU–US Privacy Shield
  • Network and Information Systems (NIS) regulations

Let’s examine the legislations in more detail in the next steps.


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This article is from the free online course:

Cyber Security in the Software Development Life Cycle

Coventry University