Skip to 0 minutes and 8 secondsOne of the interesting feature of global governance today is the rise of new type of actors, what we call hybrid actors-- neither states, nor international organisation, nor kind of traditional non-governmental organisation. But what we call them public/private partnership. An example of them is GAVI, Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation in the domain of global health. And I have the pleasure to have with me today the Director for Public Policy Engagement at GAVI, Susan Brown. So the first question I would like to ask you is, what makes this new animals, new hybrid organisation, so specific and so useful?

Skip to 0 minutes and 47 secondsI think what we can do is we can spot a need, and we can bring different people together to very nimbly address that need for very defined outcomes. In the case of GAVI, we're a partnership with UNICEF, the World Health Organisation, the World Bank, the Gates Foundation, the private sector, civil society, and academia. And you can see that each of us can bring something to the table there around immunisation. We work on the market shaping piece, so to reduce the price of vaccines to aggregate the need. That gives the private sector certainty. Private sector can then develop the vaccines. We can use money from Gates and from other donor governments to procure the vaccines.

Skip to 1 minute and 33 secondsWe give it to UNICEF, who then deliver the vaccines, and that's done under the rubric of the science of the World Health Organisation. So we can focus in a particular area and bring the best of each player to the table in order to get those outcomes. And in particular, there is a lot of discussion about that in global governance, the fact that the private sector is hard to really kind of get into the mood of global governance. Do you think that in the model of GAVI, it's really working well, that the private sector is really getting full speed into this new mode of thinking about global governance and acting about global governance?

Skip to 2 minutes and 9 secondsI think it's really interesting to bring the private sector's strength and energy as a force to bear for a public good. Remember, the health of children is a public good, and there's a lot of benefits for the private sector. They can spread the risk, for example. They get certainty in terms of market supply years down the track. We can innovate together. So, for example, with GAVI, we're working with UPS, the parcel service, on the delivery in developing countries. It opens new markets for them. They're talking with governments, with health ministries. And we can work on things like cold chain supply, warehouse management, even to delivering with drones with the zip line. So there's a whole innovative space.

Skip to 2 minutes and 58 secondsThere's a technical space. There's a data space. And in doing all of that, we are opening new markets for private sector but delivering a public good. And so this is the future? It's the road for the future for global governance, or do you see limits to that? Well, that's a big question. I mean, I think there's lots of different ways to skin a cat, right? So you look at the problem, you look at the outcome that you want, and you think who has the best to bring to achieve that outcome? In some cases, it may be an international organisation. In some cases, it's the country government.

Skip to 3 minutes and 34 secondsIn some cases, it's civil society, who work in terms of demand generation or transparency and holding governments and organisations like us accountable and bringing their experiences. So it depends on the need, but there's plenty of people to bring together to address those needs. Thank you.

The case of the Vaccine Alliance

This interview will discuss an example of a new mechanism and new type of actor of “blended” governance.

Biography of speaker, Mrs Susan Brown

Susan Brown is Director for Public Policy Engagement at the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation (GAVI). She previously was Director, Global and Regional Policy and External Relations at WWF. Susan Brown has a lifetime commitment to the conservation of natural systems through the development of good public policy, environmental advocacy and constructive political engagement. Over 11 years of international negotiation work, she has led teams to significant outcomes in the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDGs), the Convention on Biological Diversity, Rio +20, the World Summit of 2005 and many others. Other achievements include the substantial expansion and reform of environmental law in Australia, a significant package of measures and new environment funding through the overhaul of the national taxation system, running a conservation organisation in northern Australia and journalism with stories Australia’s major newspapers. She is utterly passionate about and absolutely committed to a sustainable, just and inclusive world. Susan is from North Queensland, Australia.

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International Affairs: Global Governance

The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies