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Challenges in Antibiotic Resistance: Gram Negative Bacteria

This course by BSAC is for healthcare professionals managing infections. You will learn about Gram Negative Bacteria.

22,307 enrolled on this course

Challenges in Antibiotic Resistance: Gram Negative Bacteria

Identify, diagnose and treat gram negative bacterial infections.

Gram negative bacteria (GNB) are a group of bacteria that can cause infection and toxic reaction in patients, yet are difficult to differentiate and treat with antibiotics due to their structure.

This online course - led by experts from the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC) - looks at this challenge. You’ll explore the microbiology of gram-negative bacteria, and find out how to identify, classify, diagnose and treat GNB infections.

You’ll also look at occurrences of GNB and antibiotic resistance worldwide, and understand the impact they have on health and economic outcomes.

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  • Week 1

    Infections caused by Gram negative bacteria

    • Welcome and introduction

      This first activity provides you with some useful background information.

    • Setting the scene

      In this section you will learn basic microbiological and epidemiological concepts of Gram negative bacteria (GNB) as well as the spectrum of infectious diseases that are caused by these microorganisms.

  • Week 2

    Antimicrobial Resistance in Gram Negative Bacteria

    • Mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance

      We will now begin to explore what resistance is and it's impact

    • Epidemiology of Gram negative bacteria

      This activity will explore basic explain the patterns of Gram-negative resistance worldwide and introduce tools to explore regional rates of antimicrobial resistance.

    • The burden and consequences of antimicrobial resistance

      In this activity we will explore the threat posed by antimicrobial resistance.

  • Week 3

    Antimicrobial therapy for Gram Negative Bacteria: from bench to bedside

    • Revisiting Cases #1 and #2

      The educators will discuss facts about the cases you saw in Week 1 and the best antimicrobial therapy to treat them.

    • Case #3: Vincent

      In this activity we will concentrate on therapy for Case #3: Vincent, from Week 1.

Who is this accredited by?

Royal College of Pathologists
Royal College of Pathologists:

The Royal College of Pathologists is a professional membership organisation with charitable status, concerned with all matters relating to the science and practice of pathology.

When would you like to start?

Start straight away and learn at your own pace. If the course hasn’t started yet you’ll see the future date listed below.

  • Available now

Learning on this course

You can take this self-guided course and learn at your own pace. On every step of the course you can meet other learners, share your ideas and join in with active discussions in the comments.

What will you achieve?

By the end of the course, you‘ll be able to...

  • Demonstrate a basic understanding of the microbiology of Gram Negative Bacteria.
  • Assess the occurrence of resistance - epidemiology and basic mechanisms of resistance locally and globally.
  • Identify and classify clinical infections associated with common Gram Negative Bacteria.
  • Evaluate the burden and impact of Gram Negative Bacterial infections on health and economic outcomes.
  • Compare the key objectives and principles of the treatment options available including the negative consequences.
  • Explore the basic microbiology requirements to diagnose GNB infections.
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of treatment agents - stewardship for GNB infections.
  • Summarise the current treatment options available.

Who is the course for?

This course is designed for healthcare professionals who are responsible for infection management.

What software or tools do you need?

No special resources are required for this course.

What do people say about this course?

It's everything I need to know for my job.

"I'm really enjoying this course - thank you. It's broken down into easy to understand language and is really interesting. It's everything I need to know for my job."

Who will you learn with?

Infectious Diseases physician, part of the ASP at my institution (Hospital Clínico Universitario, Zaragoza, Spain). I frequently deal with nosocomial and MDR infections.

I am @joserrapa in Twitter

Associate Professor of Infectious Diseases University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Chief Infection Prevention and Antimicrobial Stewardship Jackson Health System
Transplant Infections and MDROs

I am an Infectious Diseases consultant at UnityPoint Health in Des Moines, Iowa. My daily activities include attending to patients with a variety of infections, and also Antimicrobial Stewardship.

Who developed the course?


Founded in 1971, the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy exists to facilitate the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge in the field of antimicrobial chemotherapy.


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Available until 22 November 2021 at 23:59 (UTC). T&Cs apply.

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