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Online course

Challenges in Antibiotic Resistance: Gram Negative Bacteria

This course by BSAC is for healthcare professionals managing infections. You will learn about Gram Negative Bacteria.

Challenges in Antibiotic Resistance: Gram Negative Bacteria

Identify, diagnose and treat gram negative bacterial infections.

Gram negative bacteria (GNB) are a group of bacteria that can cause infection and toxic reaction in patients, yet are difficult to differentiate and treat with antibiotics due to their structure.

This online course - led by experts from the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy (BSAC) - looks at this challenge. You’ll explore the microbiology of gram-negative bacteria, and find out how to identify, classify, diagnose and treat GNB infections.

You’ll also look at occurrences of GNB and antibiotic resistance worldwide, and understand the impact they have on health and economic outcomes.

When would you like to start?

  • Date to be announced

What will you achieve?

By the end of the course, you'll be able to...

  • Demonstrate a basic understanding of the microbiology of Gram Negative Bacteria.
  • Assess the occurrence of resistance - epidemiology and basic mechanisms of resistance locally and globally.
  • Identify and classify clinical infections associated with common Gram Negative Bacteria.
  • Evaluate the burden and impact of Gram Negative Bacterial infections on health and economic outcomes.
  • Compare the key objectives and principles of the treatment options available including the negative consequences.
  • Explore the basic microbiology requirements to diagnose GNB infections.
  • Evaluate the appropriateness of treatment agents - stewardship for GNB infections.
  • Summarise the current treatment options available.

Who is the course for?

This course is designed for healthcare professionals who are responsible for infection management.

What software or tools do you need?

No special resources are required for this course.

Who will you learn with?

Jose Ramon Paño Pardo (Educator)

Infectious Diseases physician, part of the ASP at my institution (Hospital Clínico Universitario, Zaragoza, Spain). I frequently deal with nosocomial and MDR infections.

I am @joserrapa in Twitter

Lilian Abbo

Associate Professor of Infectious Diseases University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Chief Infection Prevention and Antimicrobial Stewardship Jackson Health System
Transplant Infections and MDROs

Rossana Rosa

I am an Infectious Diseases consultant at UnityPoint Health in Des Moines, Iowa. My daily activities include attending to patients with a variety of infections, and also Antimicrobial Stewardship.

Who developed the course?

Founded in 1971, the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy exists to facilitate the acquisition and dissemination of knowledge in the field of antimicrobial chemotherapy.


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Join this course


  • Access to this course for 5 weeks
  • Includes any articles, videos, peer reviews and quizzes

Upgrade - $79

  • Unlimited access to this course
  • Includes any articles, videos, peer reviews and quizzes
  • Certificate of Achievement to prove your success when you're eligible