Certificate of Achievement

Sandra Spruce

has completed the following course:

Archaeology of Portus: Exploring the Lost Harbour of Ancient Rome

University of Southampton

This online course focused on the Roman site of Portus, its history and the archaeological methods used to study it.

6 weeks, 4 hours per week

Simon Keay


University of Southampton


Learning outcomes

  • Collaborate with others to explain and summarise information and ideas relating to Portus.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of key archaeological terms such as "context" and "stratigraphy".
  • Describe your own imagined Portus.
  • Identify key locations at Portus.
  • Describe the archaeology of the Tiber delta and its relationship to Rome and the Roman World.
  • Explain archaeological field techniques and site recording methods in terms of their context of use and potential results, and their role in understanding Portus.
  • Compare and contrast Portus at different stages in its history.
  • Plan your ideal visit to Portus in order to tell part of the site’s history.
  • Visualize the harbour at different periods of time and from different perspectives.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the archaeological approaches used at Portus by reference to your own knowledge and surroundings.
  • Explain and illustrate your ideas and understanding of Portus by reference to examples, in a way that others can understand.


  • The archaeological site of Portus and the surrounding area, in terms of its historical context, related written records, and its archaeological and architectural data.
  • Archaeology at multiple scales, from the Roman Empire, via the Roman Mediterranean, landscapes, the port, individual buildings and unique artefacts.
  • The Roman people who lived, worked and died at the site.
  • The range of multidisciplinary methods and theories that are in place at Portus, including techniques, data, values, and ethics.
  • The uses and implications of a range of the archaeological digital techniques in use at Portus, to record, analyse, interpret and present the site.

Issued on 27th July 2016

The person named on this certificate has completed the activities in the transcript above. For more information about Certificates of Achievement and the effort required to become eligible, visit futurelearn.com/proof-of-learning/certificate-of-achievement.

This certificate represents proof of learning. It is not a formal qualification, degree, or part of a degree.

Free online course:

Archaeology of Portus: Exploring the Lost Harbour of Ancient Rome

University of Southampton