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Skip to 0 minutes and 5 secondsVINCENZO PALADINO: I'm here with Penny, and I'm going to ask her some questions. What are we doing now?

Skip to 0 minutes and 12 secondsPENNY COPELAND: OK, we are in the process of washing small finds. Now these are the very delicate items that we have, such as this fine ware pottery.

Skip to 0 minutes and 30 secondsWe have already jet washed some of the big pottery and the marble. And this is something that we can only do in Roman sites-- in Italy-- because the pottery is so hard. But at certain points the jet wash would actually destroy the fine ware, so we don't use it for those. In addition, we have just small pieces of ordinary pottery and bones-- animal bones-- which are too delicate to put through a more robust cleaning programme. So we use toothbrushes, cold water. And we clean them enough so that we can see the outline, nothing more. We're not trying to scrub them clean. We just want to make sure that we can see all the detail on them.

Skip to 1 minute and 17 secondsVINCENZO PALADINO: OK, Penny. Then after we will clean, what are we going to do with those materials?

Skip to 1 minute and 24 secondsPENNY COPELAND: Well, we have a whole series of specialists who work on the project behind the scenes. And we will take most of the material, and it will go to the specialists with their own material. So we have a plaster specialist who will look at things like this. We have a faunal remains specialist who considers the animal bones, the shells, even the sea shells, and the land shells. We have a glass specialist, a pottery specialist, and a marble specialist. So these materials-- we sort them as we wash them, then we give them to the specialists to look at. And they will produce a report and apply their knowledge to them.

Skip to 2 minutes and 18 secondsVINCENZO PALADINO: OK, Penny. And what about recording those things after cleaning?

Skip to 2 minutes and 23 secondsPENNY COPELAND: Well, each material has a specific way of recording it. Certain features are more important on different materials. So for example, on metal, the only thing we have in this box at the moment-- that you've been washing, or looking at-- are probably 20th century cartridge cases. They will be recorded individually. The pottery will be counted, weighed, looked at. The bones are all counted. They're identified by species, size. So they're measured, as well. The plaster-- such as the big piece here-- will be counted and weighed and identified by colour, design, pattern. It's very specific to each material. There's no set thing that you can do to each item.

Skip to 3 minutes and 24 secondsWe would normally just quantify it and then look at each individual piece for detail.

Skip to 3 minutes and 30 secondsVINCENZO PALADINO: Thank you a lot, Penny. Now I'll get a little bit washing.

Processing the finds

Carved architectural fragment

Carved architectural fragment - Hembo Pagi © University of Southampton

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This video is from the free online course:

Archaeology of Portus: Exploring the Lost Harbour of Ancient Rome

University of Southampton

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