In this post, we’re exploring the black icons who chased a dream and changed the world. Featuring inspirational life and career stories spanning science, education, healthcare and business, prepare to be all-at-once humbled and inspired…
Inspiring Black Scientists and Inventors
Lewis Latimer (1848-1928)
Descending from a background of slavery, it was an office role in a patenting law firm which led Lewis Latimer to the lightbulb moment that changed the face of science. Bored of the menial office job, Latimer taught himself the art of mechanical drawing and went on to patent an improved method for the production of carbon filaments in light bulbs. This marked the beginning of the widespread use of lighting.
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Dr Shirley Jackson (1946-present)
Picture this: it’s 1973 and an African-American woman is studying particle physics at university; a setting fraught with racial bias and gender inequality. That woman was Dr Shirley Jackson and she was the first African-American female to earn a doctorate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Dr Jackson later contributed to the invention of the portable fax machine and caller ID; both key technological advancements that shaped communication as we know it today.
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Lisa Gelobter (1971-present)
Each time we congratulate ourselves for reacting to an online chat with the perfect GIF, we should also be celebrating the genius animation skills of Lisa Gelobter. As well as inventing the Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), Gelobter was involved in bringing animation and video streaming software to life – think Shockwave and HULU. Gelobter has since combined her technology talents and personal experiences of discrimination to launch teQuitable; a company aimed at making workplaces more equitable, through technology.
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Black Icons with Careers in Education
Gus John (1945 – present)
Born into a peasant farming family in the Carribean, Augustine ‘Gus’ John overthrew the common roadblocks set out for black men of his time, to chase a strong education and thriving career. Having migrated to the UK in 1964, he later became the first black Director of Education and Leisure Services in Britain. His campaigning for education and human rights has transformed the lives of marginalised young people in Britain’s cities.
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Yvonne Connolly (1936-present)
Yvonne Connolly was Britain’s first black female headteacher. Moving to Britain in August 1963, Connolly proved popular with her pupils and was later appointed as headteacher of what was referred to as “a white man’s school”. Angry letters from the public ensued, along with threats to burn the school down. Yet, Connolly’s determination has seen her become a key figure in black history, celebrated for her passion for teaching and her contributions to making education more equal.
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Susie King Taylor (1848-1912)
For a true tale of transformation in both education and healthcare, Susie King Taylor is a notable icon. Taylor ignored the boundaries that restricted African Americans from learning openly; instead, she taught herself to read and write in secret. Taylor later became the first black army nurse in the Civil War. She also transformed the education landscape, as the first African American to teach openly in a school run for former slaves in Georgia.
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Black Healthcare Heroes Who Changed The World
Mary Seacole (1805-1881)
With a white father and black mother, Mary Seacole and her family were banned from public professions. Seacole applied to the war office to assist in nursing the wounded during the Crimean War, yet she was rejected. Relentless in her pursuit, Seacole levelled-up her leadership skills and funded her own trip to Crimea where she set up a successful “British Hotel”; here, she nursed many of the wounded back to full health and went down in history as a key black figure in healthcare.
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Alexa Canady (1950-present)
Proving that great things are often achieved under tough circumstances, Alexa Canady is an example of why we should never give up on what we’re passionate about. As a black female, Canady was subjected to years of discrimination in education. After losing her confidence and almost dropping out of college, Canady carried on, to become the first female African American neurosurgeon in the United States. She’s become a key figure in pediatric neurosurgery, celebrated for her ability to change – and save – lives through first-class care.
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Dr Charles DeWitt Watts (1917-2004)
1943 was a notable year of advancement in healthcare, as Dr Charles DeWitt Watts became the first board certified African American surgeon in North Carolina. His contribution to the medical industry didn’t end there. Amongst other achievements, Watts was one of the key figures involved in making healthcare accessible to the poor.
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Inspirational Black Entrepreneurs
Kanya King MBE (unknown – present)
Behind the sequins and spotlights of the MOBO awards is one inspiring story of black entrepreneur, Kanya King MBE. King founded the MOBO awards in 1996 to champion music of black origin and, with limited support, has since admitted to having remortgaged her home in a fight to keep the MOBO legacy alive. Now, having challenged the norms of the music industry, King’s business has become a powerful force in fighting racism in music and celebrating black culture.
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Oprah Winfrey (1954 – present)
Challenging the norm can change the world and Oprah Winfrey is a case in point. Winfrey has spoken openly about her impoverished upbringing, multiple accounts of sexual abuse in her childhood and her experiences of racial injustice. Yet, her entrepreneurial spirit led Winfrey to start her own production company. She’s since become North America’s first black multi-billionaire. Known for her talents as a talk show host, television producer, actress, author and philanthropist, Winfrey is often named as the most powerful woman in America and the most influential black person of her generation.
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Madam CJ Walker (1867-1919)
From orphan, to America’s first female self-made millionaire, Madam CJ Walker took African American hair care from the sidelines and into the spotlight. Having suffered with severe dandruff and other hair-related ailments common amongst African American women of her time, Walker developed a formula that worked for herself and began selling it to others. As an advocate of women’s economic independence, she later opened training programs for her sales agents, employing female managers and paying healthy commissions.
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Knowing the past, shapes the future and we couldn’t help but feel inspired by these black inventors, healthcare professionals, teachers and entrepreneurs from different walks of life; all united in pushing through racial injustice to change the world. What will you go on to achieve next? In the words of Madam CJ Walker, “don’t sit down and wait for the opportunities to come. Get up and make them”.