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Ethical principles and codes of ethics


Chiang finishes the remaining 3 ethical principles, before covering the code of ethics.

Key points

Issues related to nonmaleficence:

  • Withholding or withdrawing treatment.

  • Assisting suicide or leaving patients to die.

  • Foreseen but unintended effects.

  • Benefit and risk assessment.

Issues related to beneficence:

  • Paternalism vs patient autonomy.

  • Benefit-risk assessments.

  • Cost of treatments.

  • Quality of life assessment.

Issues related to justice:

  • Health care resource allocation.

Using these ethical principles, different healthcare profession can establish unique codes of ethics.

Usually enforced by a professional group:

  • American Pharmacists (Pharmaceutical) Association

  • Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain

  • The International Pharmaceutical Federation (FIP)

  • Federation of Asian Pharmaceutical Associations (FAPA)

  • Taiwan Pharmacist Association

Share and learn

Which organization sets the codes of ethics in your country/hospital?

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Good Pharmacy Practice: Pharmaceutical Services

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