Skip main navigation

CPD Standards: International Approaches to CPD

CPD standards vary between countries so there is a need to learn the United Kingdom requirements.
14.3
So, we are facing the question we have mentioned before and actually we’re not the only one facing the problem every country in the world try to maintain the competency and the professional ability of their pharmacists or other professionals So, right now we have two countries as our example and that make us to think about what is the model that has been done for the continuing professional development The first nation we’re going to look at is United Kingdom In this country many pharmacists intuitively grasp the deficiencies of the mandatory CE model but they still have some difficulty in fully adapting to the self-directed CPD approach There are considerable efforts has been undertaken to provide pharmacist with resource to self-assess learning needs and then to address personally identify learning objectives In UK, the Center for postgraduate pharmacy education designs and delivers a variety of programming in a variety of media based on learners’ self-identified needs This program required learning portfolio and learning portfolio is a tool used by all pharmacist to document learning needs achievements and outcomes It includes the statement of learning needs, evidence of what has been done to meet those learning needs and the documentation of the outcome associated with meeting those learning needs Annually on a random basis, pharmacists are selected to submit their learning portfolio for review by the regulatory body And then of these reviewed a further subset is selected to complete a maintenance of competency test to ensure their continuing professional development activities have indeed meaningful and have contributed to their knowledge and skills as pharmacists The tests consist of two parts The first one is a case-based open-book multiple-choice written exam of clinical knowledge The second part is an aid station OSCE in which standardized patients are used to portray patient in a pharmacy Throughout these years about 86% of pharmacist meets all practice standards on their first attempts of the test In those who fall below standards are moved from a self-directed CPD stream to a peer supported CPD stream In the peer supported CPD streams there is a peer mentors the peer mentors will facilitate the identification of learning needs and resources to address learning needs identified through the testing process Now, let’s look at the International pharmaceutical Federation GPP and there is a section focus on maintain and improve professional performance In the GPP that published by FIP they have four requirements for pharmacists
267.6
which are followings: a pharmacist first concern in all settings is the welfare of patients This is number one requirement Number two requirement is the core of the pharmacy activity is to help patients make the best use of medicines The third requirement an integral part of the pharmacist contribution is the promotion of rational and economic prescribing as well as dispensing Number four the objective of each element of pharmacy service is relevant to the patient and is clearly defined and effectively communicated to all those involved And also, the GPP required four roles of a pharmacist The role one the pharmacist is to prepare, obtain, store secure, distribute, administer, dispense and dispose of medical product The role two of pharmacists is to provide effective medication therapy management Role three is to maintain and improve professional performance Role four is to contribute to improve effectiveness of the health system, healthcare system and public health So, we focus on the GPP’s content on continuous professional development Pharmacists in each practice setting should accept personal responsibility for maintaining and assessing their own competence throughout their professional working lives And also, the national pharmacy professional organizations has obligation to reform the assessment and monitoring so, they could ensure that pharmacists maintained standards and comply with requirements for continuous professional development The educational programs for entry into the profession should appropriately address both current and foreseeable changes in pharmacy practice.
418.3
So, this statement focus on the new pharmacists that entering their career in pharmacy practice and there should be an educational program for them And also, a workforce framework that ensures the competence of pharmacy staff through continuing professional development program In the document the CPD and the CE program they are used interchangeably And we have seen that the role of pharmacists the third one the third role is to maintain and improve professional performance And the function A of the role three is to plan and implement continuing professional development strategies to improve current and future performance And there are several minimum national standards should be established for these activities Number one the pharmacist should proceed continuing education as been lifelong and be able to demonstrate evidence of continuing education or continuing professional development to improve clinical knowledge, skills and performance The second minimum national standards is the pharmacists should take steps to update their knowledge and skills about complimentary and alternative therapies such as traditional Chinese medicine, health supplements acupuncture, homeopathy, and naturopathy The third one pharmacists should take steps to update their knowledge and be engaged in implementation of new technology and automation in pharmacy practice where feasible So, This statement not only focus on the professional clinical knowledge and skills it also required the pharmacists to look at the knowledge and skills in the automation in technology for pharmacy practice The fourth one is the pharmacist should take steps to become informed and update their knowledge on changes to information on medical products
573.1
Pharmacists also deal with medical products or the medical devices For both medical products such as drugs
585
the dietary supplement, also medical devices pharmacists all need to know their most updated knowledge and information in order to educate or consult provide consultation to the patient’s

In this step, Chiang shares various internationally adopted approaches to CPD standards. He will mention how UK and GPP approaches this dilemma.

CPD Standards Key Points

In UK, the Centre for postgraduate pharmacy education designs and delivers a variety of programs via different forms of media based on learners’ self-identified needs. This program requires the participant to maintain a learning portfolio documenting learning needs, achievements, and outcomes. Annually, pharmacists are selected randomly to submit their learning portfolios for review and competency tests. Those who fall below standards are moved from self-directed CPD stream to a peer-supported CPD stream.

The International Pharmaceutical Federation GPP have four requirements for pharmacists:

  • A pharmacist’s first concern is the welfare of patients.
  • Core of the pharmacy activity is to help patients make the best use of medicines.
  • Promotion of rational and economic prescribing as well as dispensing.
  • Objective of pharmacy service is relevant to the patient and is clearly defined and effectively communicated to all those involved.

GPP also requires four roles of a pharmacist:

  • Prepare, obtain, store, secure, distribute, administer, dispense, and dispose of medical products.
  • Provide effective medication therapy management.
  • Maintain and improve professional performance.
  • Contribute to improving the effectiveness of the healthcare system and public health.

In role three, function A, the GPP states that pharmacists should plan and implement CPD strategies to improve current and future performance.

In terms of CPD, the GPP require:

  • Pharmacists to accept personal responsibility for maintaining and assessing their own competence throughout their professional lives.
  • National pharmacy professional organizations to reform the assessment and monitoring to ensure that pharmacists maintain standards and comply with requirements for CPD.
  • Educational programs should appropriately address both current and foreseeable changes in pharmacy practice. A workforce framework ensuring the competence of pharmacy staff throughout CPD program should be set up.

In role three, function A, the GPP states that pharmacists should plan and implement CPD strategies to improve current and future performance.

Besides the GPP, national minimum standards should be implemented:

  • Education should be lifelong
  • Demonstrate evidence of continuing education or continuing professional development to improve clinical knowledge, skills, and performance.
  • Update knowledge and skills about complementary and alternative therapies.
  • Update knowledge and engage in the implementation of new technology and automation in pharmacy practice where feasible.
  • Update knowledge on changes to information on medical products.

To learn more about cpd training, check out this course: Good Pharmacy Practice: Pharmaceutical services by Taipei medical university.

This article is from the free online

Good Pharmacy Practice: Pharmaceutical Services

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education