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Who is Responsible for Stopping Climate Change?

Learn the role of companies and other stakeholders in stopping climate change.

States must guarantee effective remedies for human rights violations associated with the impacts of climate change and must implement climate change response measures including regulations that hold companies properly accountable for their emissions.


Companies have the responsibility to respect human rights, extending to their business relations with suppliers, customers, and governments in operating countries.

States Responsibilities Corporate Actor Responsibilities
1. States must limit emissions of greenhouse gases arising from human activity and protect natural carbon sinks (such as forests and oceans) at home and abroad. 1. Corporations must reduce greenhouse gas emissions from their own activities and their subsidiaries; from their products and services; and from their suppliers.
2. States must adopt and implement measures to adapt to the impacts of climate change. 2. Corporations must publicly disclose their emissions, climate vulnerability, the risk of stranded assets, and the steps they are taking to address their impacts on climate change.
3. States must guarantee effective remedies for human rights violations associated with the impacts of climate change and introduce climate change response measures that hold companies accountable. 3. Corporations must ensure that people affected by human rights violations linked to their emissions and polluting activities have access to effective remedies.
4. States must engage in international cooperation to deal with the global implications of climate change with particular regard to impacts on the most vulnerable states and communities. 4. Corporations must support, rather than oppose, public policies intended to effectively address climate change.
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Championing Change: Human Rights and the Climate Crisis

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