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Introduction to Understanding Surveillance Systems

In this video, Riris Adondo Ahmad, introduces the important function of surveillance. (Step 2.3)

Riris Adondo Ahmad, MD, MPH, PhD
Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

In the video, the lecturer describes a concerning scenario.

In August 2016, two years after the last reported case of wild polio virus Type 1 (WPV1) in Nigeria, two new cases of WPV1 were reported from internally displaced populations (IDPs) in Borno State. Genetic sequencing indicated that these cases were closely related to a 2011 polio virus. The emergence of these two cases indicated prolonged circulation of polio that went undetected because the area was inaccessible to the polio program. A surveillance review in 2016 concluded that at least half of the settlements in the state had been inaccessible since 2014, due both to restricted population movement, and lack of a mobile phone network to support immunization and surveillance efforts.

Why is this a major problem that many within polio eradication saw as nothing less than a crisis?

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Collecting and Using Data for Disease Control and Global Health Decision-Making

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