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Honghe Hani Rice Terraces

Honghe Hani Rice Terraces
The second example I want to talk about is the cultural landscape of Honghe Hani Rice terraces and which is list on the world list in 2013 The Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces in China covers more than 10000 hectares in Southern Yunnan provience is marked by spectacular terraces that cascade down the slopes of the towering Ailao Mountains to the banks of the Hong River. Over the past 1,300 years, the Hani people have developed a complex system of channels to bring water from the forested mountaintops to the terraces.
They have also created an integrated farming system that involves buffalos, cattle, ducks, fish and eel and supports the production of red Rice, the area’s primary crops The inhabitants worship the sun, moon, mountains, rivers, forests and other natural phenomena including fire. They live in 82 villages situated between the mountaintop forests and the terraces. The villages feature traditional thatched “mushroom” houses.Which is very unique . The resilient land management system of the Rice terraces demonstrates extraordinary harmony between people and their environment, both visually and ecologically, based on exceptional and long-standing social and religious structures.
Well forgive me for these Chinese characters. I will explain to you The Honghe Hani Rice Terrances is more than one thousand and three hundred years. And for the humanities, people original people is using these Rice terraces from the one thousand years ago till now. And building it is very unique culture such as mushroom construction and also the construction and building is the mushroom construction and combined with rice terraces compared with their land use and water use make is to the fantastic cultural landscape.
And let me talk about the criterion about the Honghe-Hani Rice terraces , One of the issues we are now arguing is that it is a cultural landscape property, but it is also need to base on one of the cultural criteria. So the Haini terrace based on the criterion three, the Honghe Hani terrace are an outstanding reflection of elaborate and finely tuned agricultural, forestry and water distribution systems that are reinforced by long-standing and distinctive socio-economic-religious systems.
The Red rice, the main crop of the terraces is farmed on the basis of a complex, integrated farming and breeding system which ducks fertilise the young rice plants, while chickens and pigs contribute fertiliser to more mature plants, water buffalo slough the fields for the next year’s planting and snails growing in the water of the terraces consume various pests. The rice growing process is sustained by elaborate socio-economic-religious systems that strengthen peoples’ relationship with the environment, through obligations to both their own lands and to the wider community, and affirm the sacredness of nature.
This system of dual interdependence known as the ‘Man-God Unity social system’ and its physical manifestation in the shape of the terraces together form an exceptional still living cultural tradition
And also the site based on the criterion 5. And which is stress, It’s relation between nature and people. So this is image of about the mushroom building. The Honghe Hani Rice terraced landscape reflects in an exceptional way a specific interaction with the environment mediated by integrated farming and water management systems, and underpinned by socio-economic-religious systems that express the dual relationship between people and gods and between individuals and community, a system that has persisted for at least a millennium as can be shown by extensive archival sources. Well, the cultural landscape of Honghe Hani terrace and cover a large areas and which is very unique cultural landscape in china.
The village features traditional touches, the mushroom houses, the resign and stand management system of the Rice terraces demonstrate extraordinary harmony between people and their environment, both visually and acknowledge based on the exceptional and a longstanding social and religion structures.
On June 22,2013, the 37th World Heritage conference the culture landscape of Honghe Hani rice terrace in China was successful selected on the World Heritage list Well, this section I talk about two important case studies, which is Uluru-Kata Tjuta and the Honghe Hani rice terraces. The next section I will talk about another important example, West Lake cultural landscape in Hangzhou. Thank you.

By the end of this video, you will have a good understanding of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces from Dr. Rouran Zhang.

Do you think the cultural landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces is suitable for tourism activities? Does this cultural landscape fit the gaze of the traveller?

Please leave some comments in comment section, we would be very glad to discuss the cultural landscape with you.

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International Culture and Tourism Management: Cultural Heritage and Tourism Management

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