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Showcase of Digital Health Technologies

In this video, Dr. Shabbir will make a demo of acquiring healthcare information through Google Home, a chatbot product.
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Hi, ladies and gentlemen. I am PhD. Shabbir Syred Abdul, course director of this MOOCs. And in this video, I am going to talk about digital health technologies chatbot. Which are available chatbot, in order to empower common people. You can use any chatbot available in the market such as Siri, Alexa, Rose, Dr. A.I. In order to get empowerment regarding your query on cancer symptoms, treatments and prevention. In this video, I am going to do a demo using a Google home. So let’s get started. Okay. Google, what is cancer? Cancer, a disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body. Okay. Google. What is lung cancer?
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On the website, medicalnewstoday.com they say lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that start off in one or both lungs usually in the cells that line the air passages. The abnormal cells do not develop into healthy and lung tissue. They divide rapidly and form tumors. okay Google. what is Prostate cancer?
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On the website WebMD.com, they say The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system. It makes most of the semen that carries sperm. The walnut-sized gland is located beneath the bladder and surrounds the upper part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder. Prostate cancer is a major health concern for American men. And now let’s ask about symptoms. Okay Google. What are early symptoms of breast cancer? Here’s a summary from the website, Cancer.org. Other possible symptoms of breast cancer
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include: swelling of all are part of a breast skin irritation or dimpling breast or nipple pain, nipple retraction and more. To read more, look for the link in your google home app. Okay Google. What are early symptoms of prostate cancer?
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Here is a summary from the website, Cancercenter.com. Some prostate cancer signs related to urination include earning or pain during urination, more frequent urges to urinate at night and more. To read more, look for the link in your google home app. OK, now let me ask something about early detection. OK, Google. How to early detect breast cancer?
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On the website: ww5.komen.org, they say screening tests are used to find breast cancer before it causes any warning signs or symptoms. Screening tests can find breast cancer early when the chances of survival are highest. Regular screening tests reduce your chance of dying from breast cancer.
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OK Google. Which screening tests are available for breast cancer? Sorry, I am not sure how to help with that. Which screening, ok, google, which screening tests are available for breast cancer? Here’s a summary from the website Cancer.gov 3 tests are used by health care providers to screen for breast cancer. Mammogram, clinical breast exam and MRI in women with a high risk of breast cancer. To read more, look for the link in your google home app. OK, Google. How to early detect prostate cancer?
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On the website Cancer.org they say, prostate cancer can often be found early by testing for prostate specific antigen levels in a man’s blood. Another way to find prostate cancer early is the digital rectal exam in which the doctor puts a gloved lubricated finger into the rectum to feel the prostate gland. OK Google. Which screening tests are available for prostate cancer? My apologies, I don’t understand. OK. Google. What screening tests are available for prostate cancer? On the website CDC.gov, they say,
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digital rectal exam(DRE): a doctor or nurse inserts a gloved lubricated finger into the rectum to estimate the size of the prostate and feel for lumps or other abnormalities. OK. Now let’s talk about treatment and side-effects of cancer. OK. Google. What is the treatment for breast cancer? On the website Cancer.org, they say If you were initially diagnosed with stage 2 breast cancer and were given treatments such as chemotherapy or hormone therapy before surgery. Radiation therapy might be recommended if cancer is found in the lymph nodes at the time of the mastectomy.
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OK. Google. What are the side effects of chemotherapy?
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Here is a summary from the web site Cancer.net. Below is a list of common side effects of
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traditional chemotherapy: mouth and throat sores, fatigue, pain, nausea and vomiting, blood disorders, diarrhea and more. To read more, look for the link in your google home app. OK, Google. What is radiotherapy? Radiotherapy, the treatment of disease especially cancer, using X-rays or similar forms of radiation.
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OK, Google. What type of radiations are used for cancer treatment?
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On the website Cancer.gov, they say Radiation therapy uses high-energy radiation to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells. X-rays, gamma rays and charged particles are types of radiation used for cancer treatment. OK, Google. What are the side effects of radiation therapy?
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Here’s a summary from the website cancer.net Skin problems, fatigue, head and neck, chest
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long-term side effects: stomach and abdomen and pelvis. To read more, look for the link in your google home app. OK. Google. What is the treatment for prostate cancer? On the website Cancer.net, they say, It is not an established therapy or standard of care for men newly diagnosed with prostate cancer cryosurgery has not been compared with radical prostatectomy or radiation therapy so doctors do not know if it is a comparable treatment option. Its effects on urinary and sexual function are also not well defined.
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Okay. Now let’s talk something more important. That is how to prevent cancers. OK. Google. How to prevent breast cancer?
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On the website siteman.wustl.edu, they say Eat your fruits and vegetables and avoid too much alcohol. A healthy diet can help lower the risk of breast cancer. Try to eat a lot of fruits and vegetables and keep alcohol at moderate levels or lower. Okay. Google. How to prevent prostate cancer? on the website mayoclinic.org they say
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If you want to reduce your risk of prostate cancer, consider trying to: Choose a low-fat diet. Foods that contain fats include meats, nuts, oils and dairy products, such as milk and cheese. In some studies, men who ate the highest amount of fat each day had an increased risk of prostate cancer. Ok. Google. What is anti-cancer diet?
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On the website, everydayhealth.com they say Leafy green vegetables like spinach and lettuce are good sources of the antioxidants, beta-carotene and lutein. You’ll also find these nutrients and vegetables that are more traditionally eaten cooked like collard greens, mustard greens and kale. Okay. Google. Thank You. Google. You’re welcome! See, so it’s as easy as it is. Just to ask any questions you want and you get appropriate answers from various authenticated websites. And it also sites from which websites giving the results. So, please complete all activities recommended in the course. Active participation after watching the videos and reading the suggested research articles are highly recommended. And your valuable feedback for each video and activity will be appreciated.
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Please do not forget to mark as complete once you finish the activity. Thank you for watching this video.

Artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare uses algorithms and software to approximate human cognition in the analysis of complex medical data. In this video, Dr. Shabbir will make a demo of acquiring healthcare information through Google Home, a chatbot product.

Healthcare remains the top area of investment in AI as measured by venture capital deal flow. The primary aim of health-related AI applications is to analyze relationships between prevention or treatment techniques and patient outcomes. AI programs have been developed and applied to practices such as diagnosis processes, treatment protocol development, drug development, personalized medicine and patient monitoring and care, among others. Medical institutions such as The Mayo Clinic, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and National Health Service, multinational technology companies such as IBM, Google and startups such as Welltok and Ayasdi, have created solutions currently used in the industry.

What do you think are the advantages of this type of technology for patients and their families? What are the disadvantages? Please add your thoughts in the comments.

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Digital Health for Cancer Management: Smart Health Technologies in Complex Diseases

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