Death and digital technology
#RIPBut the published nature of social media, combined with its confessional quality, has created a new kind of visible and quantifiable grief. It’s become a black joke of Twitter that when you see a celebrity’s name ‘trending’ it is probably because they’ve just died. Some celebrities have even died multiple times: one mistakenly belated #RIP can easily snowball into a second wave as happened with the broadcaster Tony Hart six years after his first demise.The influence of digital technology extends to the funeral itself. Television brought the funerals of particularly high-profile public figures into our living-rooms, but online rolling news can now do the same for lesser celebrities. The 2018 funeral service of comedy performer Barry Chuckle was a public event of sufficient scale to warrant the use of a football stadium (not unprecedented for a northern comedian: wartime radio star Tommy Handley got huge crowds for his funeral in 1949, and Dustin Gee’s service in 1986 had an attendance of 300). But it could also be followed in live updates on the BBC News website, including footage of one of his brothers wiping away tears as he carried the coffin. The coverage intended no disrespect – it was rather seen as part of the normal reporting of a celebrity death.
MySpace memorialsAnother digital development has been the rise of online memorials, often in the form of a social media page such as the deceased’s Facebook wall. Such virtual memorials can democratise grief: anyone, regardless of geography, can share memories and condolences. This does leave these pages vulnerable to trolling, and the ability of strangers to leave public messages of grief or support can be resented by close family and friends, whilst a lack of awareness around privacy settings allows very personal messages of grief to be seen by total strangers.When a Facebook page becomes a virtual memorial, at what point is it acceptable to unfriend the deceased? It may seem heartless, but if you’re being barraged by updates, or even just receiving the odd “memory”, it may prolong pain and inhibit moving on.It’s been noted that as well as messages of support and condolences for the bereaved, there is a tendency for posts or messages to be addressed to the deceased, as if cyberspace will connect the mourner with the beyond. Again, there’s nothing new about addressing the dead, but an academic survey of MySpace memorials showed that almost all messages were directed at the deceased rather than the bereaved or other mourners. The same study also highlighted the potential transience of social media platforms. What happens as social media moves on? MySpace memorials now seem like relics, and one day they won’t be there at all, though the same could be said of stone.
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Further reading:Tony Walter (2015), New mourners, old mourners: online memorial culture as a chapter in the history of mourning, New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia, 21:1-2.Lisbeth Klastrup (2015), “I didn’t know her, but…”: parasocial mourning of mediated deaths on Facebook RIP pages, New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia, 21:1-2.Jed R. Brubaker , Gillian R. Hayes & Paul Dourish (2013), Beyond the Grave: Facebook as a Site for the Expansion of Death and Mourning, The Information Society, 29:3.
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