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9. Industry, innovation and infrastructure

Icon of 3 cubes in a pyramid position with the title "Industry, innovation and infrastructure" Icon of 3 cubes in a pyramid position with the title "Hanga Pai"

In order to develop new technology and improve sustainable practices, the university must communicate with local industry. The University supports people to start businesses by providing spaces on campus for groups to discuss projects, or start new business ventures. One of these places is called the “Centre for Innovation.”

Picture of the Centre for Innovation.

These start-up businesses can be basic starting places for people, or they can be projects from companies that already exist. If they are the latter, then these companies are called “spin-off” companies because they come off from a main company. They can also be called “side” companies. In this way, industry, innovation and infrastructure is sustainable.

Look at the phrase: “If they are the latter…..”

What does “latter” refer to?

a. Basic starting places for people

b. Projects from companies that already exist

Look at the first sentence in this lesson:

In order to develop new technology and improve sustainable practices, the university must communicate with local industry.
We can change this sentence around to add a different writing style; for example:
The university must communicate with local industry in order to develop new technology and improve sustainable practices.
Different writing styles, or different writing patterns makes your writing more interesting.

Over to you:

Practice below how to change different sentences around to develop a different writing style.

KEY VOCABULARY
1. technology 2. projects 3. innovation 4. infrastructure
*Note: this vocabulary has been filtered through the Academic Word List from sublist 1 – up to and including sublist 5. Therefore, this course is designed to fit Intermediate Level English language learning students and above
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English Language Learning Through Sustainability

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FutureLearn - Learning For Life

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