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Case study: Eco-socialism in Bolivia

This article provides the case study of eco-socialism in Bolivia to see how the theory of eco-socialism manifests in real life.
© Adam Smith Center, Singapore

The case study of Bolivia provides us a good platform to transform our theoretical understanding of eco-socialism into a more grounded understanding of how eco-socialism manifests itself in politics in real life.

Former president of Bolivia, Evo Morales Image credit: Wikimedia Commons

President Evo Morales of Bolivia is a proponent of eco-socialism and believes that this ideology is the solution to the greed of capitalism and the climate crisis that has emerged from it. Morales and his political party, MAS, govern through socialism, which starkly contrasts the neoliberal capitalist direction of previous governments. Notably, Morales’ socialist-informed development policies seem to be successful. This is seen from the increased levels of economic growth and literary rates, coupled with decreased levels in poverty and child mortality rates in Bolivia.

In addition to being an anti-capitalist, Morales is also an advocate of environmental protection. It was under Morales that Bolivia passed the Mother Earth Law in 2012, which recognizes Mother Earth as sacred, with rights to be protected from exploitation. The law aims to establish a vision in which humans and Mother Earth live in harmony and balance. This means ensuring that Mother Earth has a continued capacity to regenerate its natural environment. The Mother Earth Law is the perfect example of Bolivia’s commitment and dedication to sustainable development, and to Morales’ eco-socialist approach.

© Adam Smith Center, Singapore
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Environmental Ethics

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