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Required Infrastructure for Charging Solutions

What is the required infrastructure for charging solutions?
A hand next to a wall grabbing an EV charger out of the charging point.
© Unsplash

On the road to sustainable mobility, the role of EV charging solutions is crucial. From advanced utility systems to state-of-the-art chargers and dedicated charging ports, the necessary equipment is shaping the charging infrastructure. In this article, we will explore how EV charging systems work, from chargers to dedicated ports, and understand the crucial role of grid connections. These grid connections are essential to ensure a stable and efficient supply, driving the mass adoption of EVs as we move towards a cleaner energy future.

Charging infrastructure framework:

EV chargers are made up of different elements that work together to provide the energy needed to charge EV batteries quickly and safely.

Utility system:

The electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) meter is connected to the electricity distribution/utility system.

The purpose of a utility system is to provide electricity, grid stability and balancing, future load control and renewable energy integration. EV deployment creates an opportunity for EV owners, particularly those looking at bi-directional charging, to provide power back to the grid.

Overview of the electricity grid, with a landscape of a sunset. Electric grid. Unsplash (2020)


These are the connections from the meter to the charging infrastructure (EV charger). The charger serves the following purposes:

  • connects EV to the grid to provide charging services
  • prevents circuit overload
  • provides a safe connection before power flows
  • prevents EV battery damage
  • enables payment collection
  • enables data collection.

There are several types of EV chargers, which differ mainly in the charging speed they can provide and the location where they are usually installed. Some of the most common types are:

Level 1 chargers

These are basic chargers that plug into a standard 120-volt household outlet in North America (230 volts in Europe). The charging speed is relatively slow and is suitable for overnight charging or extended stays in the home.

Level 2 chargers

These chargers operate at higher voltages, typically 240 volts, allowing them to charge vehicles faster than Level 1 chargers. They usually require professional installation and are common in locations such as homes with dedicated charging points, public parking lots, and workplaces.

Level 3 chargers (also known as fast chargers)

These are the most powerful chargers and can provide a significant charge in a short period of time. They use much higher voltages and higher currents to speed up charging. They are usually found at public charging points and can charge an EV battery to a usable level in around 30 minutes, although this time may vary depending on the vehicle model

Example of what an electric charging point looks from a close up perspective. Electric charging point. Unsplash (2021

EV port

EV ports, also known as charging ports, are the points on electric vehicles where you can plug in the charging cable to recharge the vehicle’s battery. There are different types of EV ports to accommodate different charging standards and speeds.

The type of EV port a vehicle has depends on the manufacturer and the region it’s intended for. It’s important for EV owners to know their vehicle’s port type so they can find compatible chargers and cables. Many modern EVs come with adapters or multiple ports to support different charging standards, making it easier for owners to charge in different locations.

Close up view of a charging port connected to an electric vehicle. Charging port. Unsplash (2021)

Grid vs. off-grid charging infrastructure connections

A grid connection, in the context of electricity and energy systems, refers to the physical and electrical connection between a power generation source (such as a power plant, solar farm, wind turbine, etc.) and the electrical grid. The electrical grid, also known as the power grid or simply “the grid”, is a complex network of power generation, transmission, and distribution infrastructure that delivers electricity from various sources to consumers.

Depending on the infrastructure you have, and the type of connection you want to make, the differences are as follows.

Grid connected charging infrastructure

An example of what a grid connection looks like, with a solar panel above. Grid connection. PEM Motion (2023)

  • Best in areas where grid infrastructure already exists
  • Can charge multiple vehicles per day
  • Most common type of EVSE connection worldwide
  • More affordable (where grid infrastructure already exists).

Off-grid charging infrastructure connection

Example of off-grid connection, with an EV charging. Off-grid connection. PEM Motion (2023)

  • Could be an option in areas with no electrical infrastructure
  • Limited charging capacity (can fully charge 1 car 1 per day)
  • Limited use worldwide so far
  • Very expensive.


In short, the effective deployment of EV charging solutions relies heavily on a comprehensive set of elements: from state-of-the-art utility systems to high-tech chargers and dedicated charging ports. These components work in harmony to facilitate the transition to greener mobility. In addition, grid connections play a vital role in ensuring efficient energy distribution. As we move towards a more sustainable future, this essential equipment paves the way for the widespread adoption of EVs, transforming the way we move and consume energy.


Bopp K, Zinaman O, Lee N., (2020), EVs Charging Infrastructure: Business Model and Tariff Design Retrieved from: Link

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