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The Fifth Pillar of Islam: Hajj (Pilgrimage)

The Fifth Pillar of Islam is Hajj (Pilgrimage). Let's learn more about it.

The Fifth Pillar of Islam: Hajj (Pilgrimage)

Hajj, the fifth and final pillar of Islam, is a sacred pilgrimage that holds immense significance for Muslims around the world. It is an obligation for those who are physically and financially able to undertake this spiritual journey to the holy city of Mecca at least once in their lifetime. Hajj is not only a physical undertaking but a profound spiritual experience that unites Muslims in their faith and devotion to Allah.

فِيۡهِ اٰيٰتٌ ۢ بَيِّنٰتٌ مَّقَامُ اِبۡرٰهِيۡمَۚ  وَمَنۡ دَخَلَهٗ كَانَ اٰمِنًا وَلِلّٰهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الۡبَيۡتِ مَنِ اسۡتَطَاعَ اِلَيۡهِ سَبِيۡلًا ؕ وَمَنۡ كَفَرَ فَاِنَّ اللّٰهَ غَنِىٌّ عَنِ الۡعٰلَمِيۡنَ

‏In it there are clear signs and the station of Abraham; whoever enters it becomes secure. Pilgrimage to the House is a duty owed to Allah by all who can make their way to it. As for those who refuse to follow His command, surely Allah does not stand in need of anything. (Qur’an 3:97)

The Journey to the Heart of Islam

Hajj is the physical and spiritual journey to the heart of Islam, Mecca, where the most sacred mosque, Masjid al-Haram, houses the Kaaba, the House of Allah. The central act of Hajj is the circumambulation, or Tawaf, around the Kaaba. Pilgrims perform this ritual seven times in a counterclockwise direction, symbolizing their unity and submission to Allah, who is at the center of their faith.

Following the Footsteps of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham)

Hajj is a journey of deep historical and spiritual significance. It retraces the footsteps of the great Prophet Ibrahim, also known as Abraham, who is a revered figure in both Islam and other Abrahamic religions. Muslims believe that the Kaaba was built by Prophet Ibrahim and his son Isma’il, and during Hajj, pilgrims enact various rituals associated with their lives.

Cleansing and Spiritual Renewal

Hajj serves as a spiritual reset for the pilgrims, symbolizing a fresh start. The rituals, the physical hardships, and the sense of unity with millions of fellow pilgrims contribute to a sense of purification, self-reflection, and spiritual renewal. It’s a journey that reinforces the importance of humility and equality in the eyes of Allah.

Unity and Brotherhood

One of the most remarkable aspects of Hajj is the unity it fosters among Muslims worldwide. People from diverse backgrounds, nationalities, and cultures come together, wearing simple white clothing, emphasizing the equality of all before Allah. This diverse congregation, united in faith and purpose, is a vivid illustration of the global Muslim community’s strength.

The Pleasure of Allah Most High

Ultimately, the primary objective of Hajj is to seek the pleasure of Allah Most High. It’s a journey of faith, devotion, and submission to the will of God. Completing Hajj is seen as a profound accomplishment, a source of spiritual growth, and an act that can lead to the forgiveness of sins.

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