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Grammar 2 (N/Adj/Verb-인데/(으)ㄴ데/는데)

Grammar 2 (N/Adj/Verb-인데/(으)ㄴ데/는데)

Let’s study in detail about the expressions we learned today.


Today we learned “N/Adj/Verb-인데/(으)ㄴ데/는데”. We learned that this sentence is used when you want to explain the story in more detail. In fact, “N/Adj/Verb-인데/(으)ㄴ데/는데’” is also used in other ways.

1) One of the other meanings is ‘contrast’.

In other words, you can use “N/Adj/Verb-인데/(으)ㄴ데/는데” to connect the two contrasting contents.

If you look at the example sentence below, you can understand it more easily.

  • 돼지고기는 좋아하는데 닭고기는 싫어해요.
  • 형은 요리를 잘하는데 저는 요리를 못해요.
  • 떡볶이는 먹어 본 적이 있는데 자장면은 먹어 본 적이 없어요.

2) Another meaning is ‘unexpectedness’.

Use “N/Adj/Verb-인데/(으)ㄴ데/는데” to express something that you don’t expect to happen following the previous event.
For example, if you met a friend unexpectedly where you went shopping, you would say, “쇼핑하러 갔는데 친구를 만났어요.“
  • 학교에 가는데 비가 왔어요.
  • 어제 치마를 샀는데 마음에 안 들어요.
  • 어제 맛집을 찾아 갔는데 문을 닫았어요.
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