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Plant and animal cells

Plant and animal cells share some similarities but have some key differences too. What are these? Let's check it out.
animal cell in half

Both plant and animal cells share a few common cell organelles, as both are eukaryotes and the function of all these organelles is similar. However, there are some important differences.

Take a look at these two types of cells, then see the table below for some differences. (Note: Next week we will go into more detail about what all the labelled organelles do – so don’t worry too much about what all the labels mean yet).

Plant cell. parts labelled. See pdf download for the labels

What differences did you notice?

This table outlines some differences:

Animal cell Plant cell
Comes in various sizes and shapes Larger cells
Grow by increasing cell numbers Grow by absorbing more water so cell size increases
Has lysosomes and centrosomes Has a cell wall made of cellulose
Mostly round Is box shaped
  Has plastids in the cell
  Has a large central vacuole that occupies most of the cell
  Has chloroplasts
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The Basis of Life: Understanding Human Cells

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FutureLearn - Learning For Life

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