Skip main navigation

Learning language

Video clips of teachers and learners talking about their thoughts on learning grammar, vocabulary, pron.
I can memorise the grammar, the rules. But when I’m inside a situation where I should use the correct grammar, sometimes my background - my Italian background grammar - force me to make mistakes. Because I think, OK, now this is the translation in Italian, so this could be correct but this is wrong. So yeah, probably grammar, it’s very hard. Because it’s something in theory that you have to learn how to use these in a practical context. Grammar - the exceptions, of course. English, there are not so many exceptions like in Germany. But grammar, of course, we have to study it. But it’s an important part, so you have to learn grammar.
I think it’s when you know when you have to use a tense. Learning a tense, you can after a while get it. But then if you write an essay or something, you have to know when you have to use that tense and which. That’s, I think, most difficult. The first language influences English. And then they try to translate or they try to use the same structures in English as well. So it’s the negative influence of the first language that’s a big problem. Sometimes new words, sometimes they’re difficult, the spelling. And you have to learn how they write. And how they’re used in the sentence is also sometimes difficult. Words have sometimes many meanings, so different meanings.
And that’s sometimes difficult to know every meaning of one word. Vocabularies can be a problem as well. Because they use it many times, it’s in their short-term memory. So they learn it in the lesson, and then the next lesson they already forget it. And so the best way, I think, is to practise, to revise them consistently. And there are lots of very good websites online which help reuse and review the vocabulary, and also lots of very good games.

Learning to use grammar and vocabulary appropriately and accurately is often challenging for learners. You’re going to watch a video where teachers and learners share their thoughts on the challenges involved.


What challenges do you think the teachers and learners will mention? Make a list of ideas.

Grammar Vocabulary

Now, watch the video. What challenges do they mention?

Learner/Teacher Grammar Vocabulary

Check your answers

Reflect and share

Andi mentions in the video that there are many websites and digital tools for practising vocabulary. What digital tools do you or your learners use to practise grammar, vocabulary and/or pronunciation? Go to our AnswerGarden page and answer this question with as many answers as you want. Just make sure that you enter each one separately. Look at other people’s answers to get some new ideas.

This article is from the free online

Teaching English Online

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education