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Knowledge and Innovation

Watch Gertraud' s introduction of three knowledge production modes in this video.

Now it gets technical. We will introduce three knowledge production modes which differ in their approach and purpose. Have you ever thought about the differences between the traditional basic research and innovative co-creation networks that rely on innovation ecosystems? Or the requirements for successful innovation networks and the potential of Open Science and Open Innovation?

Below we show you a table that displays the three knowledge production modes (1, 2, 3) in brief:

The theory goes even further. Maybe you have heard about “quadruple helix” but have never really dug into the concept? Let’s familiarize you with 3 models of innovation & the responsible actors:

  • Triple helix – knowledge economy: Academia, government, industry
  • Quadruple helix – knowledge society & knowledge democracy: Plus civil society
  • Quintuple helix – socio-ecological transition: Plus environment
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Openness in Science and Innovation

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