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Different Aspects of Open Science

Watch the video with Clemens Blümel and learn in more detail the different aspects of Open Science and how they emerged.

As mentioned in the last lesson, Open Science can be understood as consisting of different pillars, different aspects to be taken into account in order for science to become more open. In order to provide an overview of the Open Science landscape, in the next video I describe the different initiatives of Open Science in more detail.

Key Points

  • Open Science can be thought of as combining several pillars: Open Data, Open Peer Review and Open Access, among others.
  • Open Data emerged as a response to a crisis of replication in the sciences. It aims to address this by sharing the technical conditions, so that the data can be re-used.
  • Open Peer Review aims to address inconsistencies in the quality of peer review, as well as perceived biases. The idea is to increase transparency by revealing the identities of reviewers of scholarly materials, as well as publishing peer review reports in the hope that this would lead to an increase in trust and quality.
  • Open Access is concerned with a change in the publishing model for the sciences in response to prohibitive costs in accessing scientific publications for libraries and private citizens. Open Access works to reform licensing, as well as introducing a new business model, whereby the author pays fees for publication instead of the reader.


Check your knowledge by answering the following questions in short bullet points.

  1. What are the pillars of Open Science?
  2. What are central challenges within these pillars?
  3. Which initiatives have been pursued in these pillars and with what success?
  4. Which of these pillars is most sustainably changing scholarly knowledge production and why?
  5. What does participation in research mean and what are the different concepts? How in what respect do they differ?

Additional Reading

If, in addition to the video, you would like to deepen your knowledge on the topics of Open Access, Open Review and Open Participation, read my summary in the download section.

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Openness in Science and Innovation

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FutureLearn - Learning For Life

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