Skip main navigation

Why Multistakeholder, why new Actors in the Research Process?

In this video Prof von Grünberg finds answers to these questions: Why Multistakeholder, why new Actors in the Research Process?

This fourth video discusses a paper by Michael Gibbons from 1999. It’s title is “Science’s new social contract with society.” This paper is probably the starting point of the Open Science movement and explains why society has become a major variable in the research process.

Society expects something useful from research, a societal impact. Gibbons puts it like this: “Not only can science speak to society, as it has done over the past two centuries, but society can now ‘speak back’ to science.” To ensure societal impact, as many stakeholders as possible should be included into the research process. That is, this video is on the transformation of the scientific practice to increase societal impact, by taking new actors on board.

TASK

Spend some time with Gibbons’ article and read it through. You find it also in the download section below. Please read the first page in particular. What do you think is so original about these thoughts?

This article is from the free online

Openness in Science and Innovation

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now