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Why Multistakeholder, why new Actors in the Research Process?

In this video Prof von Grünberg finds answers to these questions: Why Multistakeholder, why new Actors in the Research Process?

This fourth video discusses a paper by Michael Gibbons from 1999. It’s title is “Science’s new social contract with society.” This paper is probably the starting point of the Open Science movement and explains why society has become a major variable in the research process.

Society expects something useful from research, a societal impact. Gibbons puts it like this: “Not only can science speak to society, as it has done over the past two centuries, but society can now ‘speak back’ to science.” To ensure societal impact, as many stakeholders as possible should be included into the research process. That is, this video is on the transformation of the scientific practice to increase societal impact, by taking new actors on board.


Spend some time with Gibbons’ article and read it through. You find it also in the download section below. Please read the first page in particular. What do you think is so original about these thoughts?

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Openness in Science and Innovation

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